THE AMERICAN CIVIL WAR 1861-1865 This Powerpoint is hosted on www.worldofteaching.com Please visit for 100’s more free powerpoints
Warm- UP 1. Complete “ A Tree with three Branches” exercise. 2. Complete “You get your Bill Passed” exercise.
SWBAT: • Identify and examine the functions of the Executive, Judicial and Legislative branches of the U.S. government which are defined in the U.S. Constitution. • Complete a Civil War assessment in an effort to determine what was learned. • Identify key peoples and events while determining some key factors that caused the American Civil War.
Warm-up (Second Lesson) Complete SkillBuilder: Interpreting Graphs “Northern and Southern Resources”, questions 1 and 2, page 339.
Warm-up review Q: Which side, north of south, had the advantage in terms of industrial production? A: North, graphs (Blue = North) advantage in every category (Military/Population) Q: What do the overall data suggest about the eventual outcome? A: North may win an easy victory. (Not true)
SWBAT: • Identify nationalism as a key cause of war • Analyze the weakness of the articles of confederation. • Examine slavery and societal differences as a cause of war.
Cause #1 (Representation) n.p.o. South (Anti- Federalists) North (Federalists) A. Held a population advantage (22 million) B. Held an advantage in proposing and passing laws. C. More representation in the House of Representatives. D. Supported U.S. Constitution • A. Less people/less representation (10 million) • B. Difficult to pass legislation on tariffs & taxes because of limited representation in government • C. Supported Articles of Confederation
Cause #2 (Nationalism) N.P.O Southern Nationalism - Northern Nationalism Extreme devotion to the interest and culture of one’s nation. North- U.S. Constitution Industrialized Society Antislavery • Extreme devotion to the interest and culture of one’s nation • South- Articles of confederation • Agricultural Society • Pro-slavery
Articles Quiz • List 5 weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation. • Draw logic from your studies of articles 1,2,& 3 of the U.S. Constitution to compare/contrast strengths and weaknesses. Use this logic to answer the question above.
Weakness of the Articles Congress Balance of power? Articles could be amended only if all states approved No executive branch No national court system for legal disputes 13 national states that lacked national unity. • Congress could not enact and collect taxes • Congress could not regulate interstate or foreign trade • Regardless of population, each state had one vote in congress • 9 of 13 states needed to agree to pass any law
Background to War Causes for War Quiz • List the dividing points between the north & south. (You may bullet) • Who invented the Cotton Gin • Of all the causes discussed: representation, nationalism, economic exploitation and slavery; which do you find was the greatest cause? Why? causes part one
SWBAT: Warm –Up Read “How the President is elected” packet. Do not answer the questions until after the video. A Identify and examine the US Electoral college. Analyze how this process lead to secession Debate causes of civil war Discuss election of Lincoln
1860 Election Results
Warm- Up (9/21/12) • Complete Geography Skill Builder “The Underground Railroad”, questions 1-3, page 313. • Take Alma Mater test SWBAT: Determine the most important cause for the start of the civil war by participating in a in-class debate.
Electoral College WRK Sheetq1. attempt to balance power between large & small statesq2. electors caste votes for the president based on the popular vote; nj state officials choose members of the electoral collegeq3. based from the popular vote of the people, decide the American president. Yes, but has only happened twiceq4. 538, based from state districts, nj 14, population based plus senators q5. 270 needed for victory, it will be decided by the house. Yes Thomas Jefferson (1801) , John Quincy Adams, (1825)q6. Twice, Compromise of 1876 (Hayes/Tilden) & Gore/Bush 2000q7. balance of power, equal representation, responsible electionsq8. smaller states have less voting power, larger populated states have more political authority.
Electoral College • electoral college • Causes Part 2 • Answer the pbs worksheet after the video. Work in groups of four when completing the packet. Classwork grade.
Election of Lincoln Southern States felt they were bullied by the North when he was elected (expansionism)-A nation's practice or policy of territorial or economic expansion. CAUSE #3?
Abolitionists • Frederick Douglas was the editor of an abolitionist newspaper.
Harriet Tubman • Helped slaves escape via the Underground Railroad.
John Brown • He and his sons brutally murdered 5 slave masters in Kansas. (1858) • Tried to incite a slave revolt
HarrietBeecherStowe 1811 - 1896 So this is the lady who started the Civil War. -- Abraham Lincoln
Uncle Tom’s Cabin 1852 • Sold 300,000 copies in the first year. • 2 million in a decade!
Cause 5: Sectionalism- (local) Sectionalismexcessive ddexcessive kdkdExcessive devotion to local interests and customs. oExcessive devotion to local interests and customs.
Sectionalism • Excessive regard for sectional or local interests, regional or local spirit; prejudice • Southerners banned together • Northerners banned together • Moved into sections based upon beliefs
6th Cause Economy • Sothern economy • $122 million after production • Northern economy • $155 Billion after production
Civil War (1861-1865) Causes Debate Review rubric In your group, create and opening, supporting and closing paragraph. Concept: Debate why your cause was the most significant cause of the American Civil War. (Use your notes as a resource) • Representation • Nationalism • Election of Lincoln • Slavery • Sectionalism • Economic explotation
In- Class Debate Warm-Up Avoid Reading from paper, remember “reference don’t read” Slow Down- emphasize your point Elaborate, use data and stats to support your position debate tips Rebuttal • Meet in your groups for 10 minutes to organize your opening statements • Review debate rubric • Be sure to review Debating: Tips, Tricks and Advice • Review define topic & Show team split (especially)
Presidential Election Warm –up / SWBAT: Data Rasmussen Report Debate Education Taxes Military China Federal vs. state Health Care/Obama Care • Read the Examiner.com article about the first of three presidential debates. Divide policies on a piece of loose leaf • Choose a political side based from data learned from the article & video. • Debate as a supporter of President Obama or Mitt Romney (last 30 of class)
Civil War Begins Warm-Up SWBAT: Analyze the Gettysburg address and determine its relation to the theme of war. Examine the first shots fired in the Civil war; what would become Lincoln’s dilemma? View Glory in an effort to visualize the Civil War • Read and answer questions from Abraham Lincoln’s famous Gettysburg Address • 15 minutes
The Gettysburg Address • November 19th, 1863 • Q1: 1776, Declaration of Independence, “All men are created Equal” • Q2: A nation can long endure a bloddy Civil War • Q3: Men Shall not die in vain rather a birth of a new nation; for the people by the people • Q4: World will little note; nor remember
Fort Sumter April 12th, 1861 • Prior to the fall of Fort Sumter; confederate soldiers were taking over courthouses, post offices and forts. • Confederates demanded Fort Sumter; a union fort in Charleston, South Carolina. • Lincoln decides not to use navy to put down rebellion; put the ball in Jefferson Davis’ court!
Fort Sumter April 12th, 1861 • 4am, April 12th, Jefferson Davis orders the attack on the Union Fort. • Jefferson Davis looks like the aggressor of war; Lincoln avoids aggression toward the south and keeps peace with Northern Republicans • Confederates fire 4,000 rounds before Union Major Robert Anderson surrendered.
Advantages of the Union (north)? • Union had double the population • Double the railroads • 5 times as many factories
Confederate (Rebel) advantages (South) • Confederates had the best generals • Defending is always easier than attacking • Farmers fight better than factory workers
First Major Battle- (Bull Run) • July 21st, 1861; 3 months after Fort Sumter fell to the Confederacy. • Location, Virginia; 25 miles from confederate capital of Richmond. • Union General, Irvin McDowell • Confederate General, Thomas J. Jackson (Stonewall Jackson) • Seesaw affair that lead to a Confederate Victory (C= 2K) (U= 3K)
Quiz #1 / Battle of Antietam Warm –up SWBAT: Complete quiz recalling important information while analyzing key battles Analyze key issues, events, and personalities of the Civil War period Discuss how common and shared America Civic culture is based on commitment to central ideas in founding-era documents • Warm –up: Look over section 1, chapter 11 or review notes. • Take Quiz
Glory & the Battle of Antietam • Glory • Battle of Antietam- Sharpsburg, Maryland, September 17th, 1862 • Antietam- bloodiest day in Civil War History • 26,000 casualties • Victory for the Union; Confederacy retreated back to Virginia • Impact- tide begins to swing
Union & Confederate Strategies • Warm –up • Students should complete Geography Skillbuilder, questions 1 & 2, page 340 of the text SWBAT: • Analyze the strategies of both the Union & confederate army. • Analyze key issues, events, and personalities of the Civil War period
Union & Confederate Strategies • Union- (Anaconda Plan) • Blockade Southern ports • Riverboats and armies would move down the Mississippi thus cutting the rebels in half • Capture Richmond, VA • Confederate • Play a defensive strategy however when given an opportunity, the Rebels shall strike in the North • Anaconda Plan (Union)
Group Work Assignment • Throughout the text or using your device; survey the battles of the Civil War. • Determine if the battle fell under the Confederate plan or Union plan • Example • Bull Run • July 21st, 1861 • Goal: Union army to seize the confederate capital, Richmond, VA • Victor, Confederate • Anaconda Plan