Download
dirty little start up secret 14 n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Financial Ratios for Entrepreneurs PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Financial Ratios for Entrepreneurs

Financial Ratios for Entrepreneurs

29 Vues Download Presentation
Télécharger la présentation

Financial Ratios for Entrepreneurs

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Dirty little start-up Secret #14 Understanding financial ratios

  2. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE as a start-up founder, it is important to know the absolute numbers of your business

  3. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE you know, like…

  4. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE you know, like… how much money do I have in the bank today?

  5. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE you know, like… how much money do I have in the bank today? what are my operating expenses each month?

  6. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE you know, like… how much money do I have in the bank today? what are my operating expenses each month? how much cash can I expect to come in next week?

  7. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE but, while critical to the day-to-day operations of a business, absolute numbers are not as useful when it comes to strategy, where we are concerned with trends over time & operating efficiency

  8. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE let’s look at revenue by month as an example what does that absolute number tell you?

  9. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE pretty much just that . what is your revenue

  10. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE but it does not tell you if that is…‘good’

  11. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE that’s where ratios come in

  12. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE but let’s look at a concrete example

  13. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE here is a hypothetical business that makes concrete for buildings

  14. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE you happy with that as a founder? do you understand your business?

  15. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE not really

  16. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE what if I add this bit of detail? wow! what an amazing business right? look at that steadily increasing profit!

  17. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE but, can you see the problem?

  18. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE this business is making money now, but it cannot scale

  19. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE you can see this clear as day if you consider the most basic Ratio: Profit Margin

  20. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE profit margin is calculated as: net profit / sales it tells you how much money you make for every $1 in sales

  21. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE now look again oh dear. margin is shrinking quickly!

  22. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE where you were making 70 cents per dollar of revenue in Q1, by Q5 you’re only making .37 cents so you’re selling more, but making less!

  23. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE why?!?

  24. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE why is your margin shrinking? is it revenue?

  25. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE we can check out the Sales Growth Ratio which is calculated as: (current period sales – previous period sales) /previous period sales

  26. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE hmmmm, despite a margin crisis, sales growth is actually improving over time kudos to your sales team

  27. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE so if it is not revenue that is pulling down your profitability, it must be cost

  28. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE let’s look at the Operating Expense Ratio which is calculated as: operating expenses / revenue

  29. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE a-ha. something is stinky! your costs are growing out of control

  30. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE do we need to fire the plant manager? are we somehow exposed to some raw materials cost fluctuations?

  31. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE let’s break our cost down into 3 categories (supply, manufacturing, distribution) & compare each against total cost (i.e.: supply cost / total cost)

  32. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE uh…were we too quick to congratulate sales?

  33. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE so while absolute numbers are important for day-to-day operations, ratios are critical for strategy because they allow you to look inwards & monitor / investigate the efficiency of your business over time it allows you to identify & solve problems

  34. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE but they’re useful for one other thing as well

  35. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE because ratios remove the absolute numbers, they can be used to compare your business against other businesses in your industry (even if those business are much larger or smaller) so that you know how well you fare relative to the competition or can spot interesting outliers

  36. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE why are we so good relatively? what is so unique about our business model and what does that mean for the future?

  37. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE you can actually make ratios out of any combination of absolute numbers depending on what aspect of your business model you want to investigate however, certain classic ratios have shown great value, and your management team should be monitoring these monthly

  38. WHY RATIOS HELP YOU COMPARE please ensure that your CFO is producing these for your monthly management meetings and that you are reviewing them and asking questions i’ve dumped a bunch of classic ones in the appendix, but feel free to create your own depending on the nature of your business model and its unique problems

  39. APPENDIX Liquidity Ratios! liquidity ratios tell you how much of your current assets can be used to meet short-term creditor claims

  40. APPENDIX Activity Ratios! how efficient is a firm at using its assets to generate revenue

  41. APPENDIX Leverage Ratios! what % of a firm’s assets are financed with creditor dollars (how much is owned by bank vs shareholders)

  42. APPENDIX Profitability Ratios! how well are we doing

  43. APPENDIX Market Ratios! used to compare firms in a similar industry

  44. SHARE THIS DECK & FOLLOW ME (please-oh-please-oh-please-oh-please) stay up to date with my future slideshare posts Please note that all content & opinions expressed in this deck are my own and don’t necessarily represent the position of my current, or any previous, employers http://www.slideshare.net/selenasol/presentations https://twitter.com/eric_tachibana http://www.linkedin.com/pub/eric-tachibana/0/33/b53

  45. CLICK HERE FOR MORE!!!!