Clauses & Sentences By Gina Giamei Summer 2016
What is a clause? It is a group of words with a subject and a verb.
There are 2 types of clauses. What are they? • independent clauses • dependent clauses
An Independent Clause • has a subject & a verb. • expresses a complete thought.
An Independent Clause David is happy.
A Dependent Clause • has a subject & a verb. • does not express a complete thought. • needs to be connected to an independent clause.
A Dependent Clause because he got 100% on the test.
What type of clause is this? When I came to Boston
What type of clause is this? I did not like the food.
Beware of Fragments! • A dependent clause that is not connected to an independent clause is a fragment. • a common writing error • Examples – • Because Lisa will move to California. • After my parents arrived.
What are the 3 basic types of sentences? • Simple • Compound • Complex
A Simple Sentence • is 1 independent clause. • Example - • The student always does her homework.
A Compound Sentence • has 2 or more independent clauses • a coordinating conjunction
Coordinating Conjunctions F A N B O Y S o n o u r e o r d r t t
A Compound Sentence • Jack met Jill at an Italian restaurant, and they had spaghetti. • Henry wants to buy the jacket, but it is too expensive. • Boston is famous for clam chowder, so many tourists try it.
A Complex Sentence • has 1independent clause. • has at least 1dependent clause.
A Complex Sentence Tina is tired because she only slept for three hours. Because Tina only slept for three hours, she is tired.