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Wildlife Identification

Wildlife Identification

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Wildlife Identification

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  1. Wildlife Identification Chris Ellis And Nicole White Provided by Dr. James Corbett, Agriculture Teacher, Lowndes Co. High School GA Ag Ed Curriculum Office To accompany Georgia Agriculture Education Curriculum July 2002

  2. Basic Facts • Wildlife identification is a skill that is developed by studying the animal’s physical features and its tracks. • Each species of wildlife has its own identity. For example: horns, antlers, hooves, paws, claws, teeth, tails, ears, size, shape, color, and habitats.

  3. White-Tailed Deer • Odocoileus virginianus • Length: 6 ft. • Shoulder height: 3.75 ft. • Male weight: 125-400 lbs. • Female weight: 100-150 lbs. • Habitat: forests, desert, shrubs, brushy areas, and rocky uplands

  4. Coyote • Canis latrans • Head and body: 46-49 in. • Tail: 13-15 in. • Weight: 24-31 lbs. • Habitat: prefers open spaces such as grasslands, farmlands, or brush country

  5. Black Bear • Ursus americanus • Length: 5-6 ft. • Shoulder height: 2-3 ft. • Weight: 200-400 lbs. • Habitat: forests, swamps, or mountains

  6. Mountain Lion • Felis concolor • Head and body: 42-54 in. • Tail: 30-36 in. • Shoulder height: 26-31 in. • Weight: 80-260 lbs. • Habitat: forests, remote mountains, plains, and swamps

  7. American Alligator • Alligator mississipiensis • Length: up to 19ft, 2 in. • Habitat: usually near water such as rivers, ponds, or swamps

  8. Bobcat • Lynx rufus • Head and body: 32-40 in. • Tail: up to 4 in. • Shoulder height: 20-29.5 in. • Weight: 15-30 lbs. • Habitat: prefers forest areas, swamps, and tundras

  9. Raccoon • Procyon lotor • Head and body: 24-37.5in. • Tail: 7.5-16 in. • Weight: 12-48 lbs. • Habitat: streams, rivers, lakes, woods, and swamps

  10. Gray Fox • Urocyon cinereoargenteus • Head and body: 21-44 in. • Tail: 11-16 in. • Shoulder height: 11-14 in. • Weight: 7-13 lbs. • Habitat: usually associated with wooded and brushy areas

  11. Red Fox • Vulpes vulpes • Head and body: 22-42 in. • Tail: 14-16 in. • Shoulder height: 14-16 in. • Weight: 8-15 lbs. • Habitat: areas combining forests, open country, and inhabited areas

  12. Fox Squirrel • Sciurus niger • Head and body: 17.875 to 27.5 in. • Tail: 7.875 -13 in. • Weight: 17.625 – 37.125 lbs. • Habitat: hardwood forests, borders of cypress swamps, thickets, and urban areas • prefers large trees

  13. Gray Squirrel • Sciurus carolinensis • Head and body: 8-10 in. • Tail: 8-10 in. • Weight: 14-25 oz. • Habitat: hardwood forests of nut trees, like oak and hickory, residential areas, and city parks

  14. Striped Skunk • Mephitis mephitis • Head and body: up to 18 in. • Tail: up to 10 in. • Weight: up to 10 lbs. • Habitat: nearly all areas • prefers woods, plains, and meadows

  15. Opossum • Didelphis virginiana • Head and body: 15-20 in. • Tail: 9-13 in. • Weight: 6-12 lbs. • Habitat: open woods, farming areas, forest edges, and brushy wastelands

  16. Swamp Rabbit • Sylvilagus • Head and body: 14-17 in. • Ears: up to 4 in. • Weight: 3.5-6 lbs. • Habitat: moist bottomland and swamps to upland thickets and farmland

  17. Eastern Cottontail • Sylvilagus • Head and body: 14-17 in. • Ears: 2.5-3 in. • Weight: 2-4 lbs. • Habitat: from swampy wood to upland thickets, farmlands, forests with open areas nearby, and heavy brush

  18. Wild Turkey • Meleagris gallopavo • Male: up to 48 in. • Female: up to 38 in. • Habitat: open timberland, mountain forests, logged areas, and prairies with food available

  19. Ruffed Grouse • Bonasa Umbellus • Size: 16-19 in. • Habitat: brushy timberlands and coniferous forest edges.

  20. Mourning Dove • Zenaida macroura • Size: 11-13 in. • Habitat: dry uplands, grain fields, suburbs, and deserts

  21. Crow • Corvus brachyrhynchos • Size: 17-21 in. • Habitat: fields, coastlines, city parks, river woodlands, and orchards

  22. Bald Eagle • Size: 32-40 in. • Wingspread: 7.5 ft. • Habitat: associated with large bodies of water that provide an abundant food source • only located in North America

  23. Red-Tailed Hawk • Size: 19-25 in. • Wingspread: 4.5 ft. • Habitat: woodlands, fields, plains, and deserts

  24. Peregrine Falcon • Size: 15-21 in. • Wingspread: 3.75 ft. • Habitat: grasslands and meadows from the mountains to the coast

  25. Great Horned Owl • Size: 18-25 in. • Habitat: found throughout North America in various habitats

  26. Screech Owl • Size: 7-10 in. • Habitat: orchards, woods, suburbs, and small towns

  27. Putting The Chapter in a Nutshell A responsible hunter will not shoot what he/she cannot POSITIVELY identify.

  28. Who is who??? • Gray Squirrel • Fox Squirrel • Gray Fox • Red Fox

  29. Who is who??? • Great Horned Owl • Red-tailed Hawk • Bald Eagle • Peregrine Falcon • Screech Owl

  30. Resources Our graphics and photos provided by the AltaVista website