Drugs By: Nick Butts, Jack Carmusin, Mark Blauer, Charles Sporn
What are drugs? • Drugs are chemicals that change the way a person's body works. • The types of drugs that average people are in everyday contact with are medicinal drugs, illegal drugs, cigarettes and alcohol.
Medicinal Drugs • Medicines are legal drugs, meaning doctors are allowed to prescribe them for patients, stores can sell them, and people are allowed to buy them. • It is not legal, or safe, for people to use these medicines any way they want or to buy them from people who are selling them illegally.
Cigarettes and Alcohol • Cigarettes and alcohol are two other kinds of legal drugs. (In the United States, adults 18 and older can buy cigarettes and those 21 and older can buy alcohol.) • Of course, these two things are very bad for your health and should not be done in excess.
Illegal drugs • When people talk about a "drug problem," they usually mean abusing legal drugs or using illegal drugs. • These drugs include: marijuana, cocaine, ecstasy, heroin, and LSD. • Illegal drugs can damage the brain, heart, and other important organs
Consequences of illegal drug use • Illegal drugs -- such as heroin, marijuana, cocaine and methamphetamine -- inflict serious damage upon America and its citizens every year. Accidents, crime, domestic violence, illness, lost opportunity, and reduced productivity are the direct consequences of substance abuse. • Illegal drugs cost our society approximately $110 billion each year. • Spreading of infectious diseases, Cost of drug abuse to workplace productivity, Homelessness
Substance abuse • Substance abuse is characterized by the use of a mood- or behavior-altering substance in a maladaptive pattern resulting in significant impairment or distress. • Specific disorders are named for their etiology, such as alcohol abuse and anabolic steroid abuse. DSM-IV includes specific abuse disorders for alcohol, amphetamines or similar substances, cannabis, cocaine, hallucinogens, inhalants, opioids, PCP or similar substances, and sedatives, hypnotics, or anxiolytics.
How to overcome substance abuse • Develop an Education Based Model • Provide Treatment on Demand • Teachers and Parents: Recognize the Symptoms • Alert Children to Negative Consequences
Bibliography • Consequences of illegal drug use. (n.d.). Retrieved November 22, 2010, from http://www.ncjrs.gov/ondcppubs/publications/policy/99ndcs/ii-b.html • Koolbreeze, A. L., III. (2010, November 3). Ways to fight drug abuse. Retrieved from http://www.ehow.co.uk/list_7443243_ways-fight-drug-abuse.html • Research Library. (n.d.). Dorland's medical dictionary for healthcare consumers. Retrieved from http://www.mercksource.com/pp/us/cns/ cns_hl_dorlands_split.jsp?pg=/ppdocs/us/common/dorlands/dorland/one/ 000000464.htm • What you need to know about drugs. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://kidshealth.org/ kid/grow/drugs_alcohol/know_drugs.html