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ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR. A field of study that uses concepts, theories, and methods of behavioral sciences to understand the behavior of individuals and groups in organizations and applies the knowledge towards improving organizational effectiveness. KEY INFLUENCES ON OB.
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ORGANIZATIONAL BEHAVIOR • A field of study • that uses concepts, theories, and methods of behavioral sciences • to understand the behavior of individuals and groups in organizations • and applies the knowledge towards improving organizational effectiveness
KEY INFLUENCES ON OB • Early industrial engineering studies • Frederick Taylor • Frank and Lillian Gilbreth • Recent challenges for OB • The Hawthorne studies
WHY DO RESEARCH • To gather a body of information on to develop a • Systematic body of knowledge to aid in building theories • Contradicting theories • Suggest new theories • To understand and explain behavior
RESEARCH DESIGNS • Experimental designs • Correlational and survey designs • Case studies and focus groups
EVALUATING RESEARCH • Internal validity -- Can we be confident that the outcomes of the study resulted from the factor being manipulated or might the result be do to some unmeasured factor • External validity -- Can we generalize the finding of this study to a larger population or is our sample so restricted that the findings relate only to a specific groups
REFLECTIVE QUESTIONS • How can knowledge of organizational behavior help managers to be more effective in their jobs? • Why do we need to study behavior of individuals, groups, and the organization as a whole to understand how and why people behave as they do in work settings?