Referencing Not just the bibliography at the end
Referencing: symbiotic relationship Figure 1: Clownfish and sea anemone (n.d.) Bibliography: Clownfish And Sea Anemone. [Photography]. (n.d.). Retrieved from Encyclopædia Britannica Image Quest.
What is referencing? • Two things • Reference in the text • Bibliography (list of sources) at the end • Keeping a record of everything, INCLUDING IMAGES • Referencing is hard • Referencing is time-consuming
Why reference? • To remember what you used • To avoid plagiarism • The Internet is not a smorgasbord • Universities expect it • It’s academic research
How not to reference • Bibliography • I used wikipedia • Google images • http://www.google.co.uk/imgres?imgurl=http///www.congo-pages.org/et/dive%2520timor/dtlimages/clownfish/images/clownfish.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.congo-pages.org/et/dive%2520timor/dtlimages/clownfish/pages/clownfish.html&usg=___rczfxFzDj9lpGvVdaBb8OgFeDA=&h=441&w=600&sz=190&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=_4HIwrLjEVuV-M:&tbnh=154&tbnw=237&ei=4yT_TZjxGtC18QOGq_ipCQ&prev=/search%3Fq%3Dclownfish%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN%26rls%3Dcom.microsoft:en-gb:IE-SearchBox%26biw%3D1276%26bih%3D816%26tbm%3Disch&um=1&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=250&page=1&ndsp=20&ved=1t:429,r:1,s:0&tx=158&ty=84 In text • “Clownfish are also known as anemone fish. They come from the family Pomacentridae and are from the subfamily Amphiprioninae.”
How to reference: In-text referencing • Young clownfish are initially careful with sea anemones, but soon become more confident (Attenborough, 1990, p.209). • New Scientist shows that Clownfish are not cute and cuddly “Clownfish clack their jaws together to produce warning sounds before they attack” (Khamsi, 2007). • The largest Clownfish in a group is female (Bristol Zoo, n.d.) • “Clownfish are hermaphrodites” (“An Exploration of the Clownfish”, 2005)
How to reference: Bibliography • An exploration of the clownfish. (n.d.). Tree of Life Web Project. Retrieved June 20, 2011, from http://tolweb.org/treehouses/?treehouse_id=3390 • Attenborough, D. (1992). The trials of life: a natural history of animal behaviour.. London: Reader's Digest. • Bristol Zoo. (n.d.). Clownfish. Bristol Zoo. Retrieved June 20, 2011, from http://www.bristolzoo.org.uk/clownfish • Khamsi, R. (2007). Clownfish chatter with clacking jaws. New Scientist. Retrieved June 20, 2011, from http://www.newscientist.com/article/dn11873-clownfish-chatter-with-clacking-jaws.html
Turnitin • Useful way to recognise work that has been copied from elsewhere.