From the History of Olympic Games Автор: Зарипова Нигина Преподаватель: Кравченко Ирина Борисовна МКОУ СОШ №8 Пятигорск, 2013
Olympic Games - a celebration of peace, friendship and mutual understanding of young people from different countries and continents, it's music, dance and song, is a colorful and multicolored crowd.
Chronology of the appearance and the Olympic Games776 BC - Ancient Olympics According to legend, the first time the Olympic Games organized in ancient times Hercules (by Eusebius in the 1210-ies BC. E.), They were held every 5 years (Pausanias, 5.7.9). Then the tradition of the game was interrupted and resumed at elidskom king Ifite and promoting the Spartan ruler of Lycurgus. The reign Ifit is unknown, ancient authors include holding the first games after the break for a gap in the 884-828 GG BC. e. At first Olympic Games were not numbered, and were called by the name of the winner in the only form of competition, running on stage.
1986-The revival of the Summer Olympic Games (Games of the Olympiad) Tradition, which existed in ancient Greece, at the end of XIX century, was revived by the French public figure of Pierre de Coubertin. Olympic Games, also known as the Summer Olympic Games were held every four years, starting from 1896, with the exception of years, who came to world war. XXX Olympic Games will be held in London, the capital of the United Kingdom, from 27 July to 12 August 2012. London will become the first city to priymet game for the third time (before that they were there in 1908 and 1948).
1924 - The first Winter Olympic Games Competitions were held in Chamonix, France, from January 25 to February 4, 1924 with the formalities that have become an integral part of the Olympic Games - The Olympic flame was lit and the participants were given the Olympic oath. According to the number of participating countries and athletes, sharpness control in most types of competition, "International Sports Week VIII on the occasion of the Olympic Games" surpassed all expectations. This gave reason to the IOC Olympic Congress in Prague in 1925 to decide on the regular conduct of the Olympic Winter Games and competitions held in 1924 in Chamonix, classified as the first official Olympic Winter Games. Since then, the Winter Olympics have become an integral part of the Olympic sports and performed regularly in the years of the Games of the Olympiad. At the IOC session in 1991, the decision was made to breeding maturity Games of the Olympiad and the Olympic Winter Games, which starting in 1994 will be held alternately at intervals of two years: XVII Olympic Winter Games - in 1994, XVIII Olympic Winter Games - in 1998 year, etc.
1924 - Thefirst Deaflympics Deaflympics (deflimpiada) (born Deaflympics, from the English. Deaf «deaf") - sports people with hearing disabilities ("Deaf World Games"). Russified name - surdoolimpiyskie (option - Deaflympics) games. First Deaf World Games were held in 1924 in Paris, and from that moment to now be held every four years, except during World War II. In 1949, after a 10 year break, the VI Deaflympics. In the same year in Austria held the 1st International Deaf Winter Games.
1960 - The first Paralympic Games In 1948, Ludwig Guttmann organized a sports competition involving World War II veterans with spinal cord injuries, Mendvill in Stoke, England. Four years later, competitors from the Netherlands joined the games and an international movement was born, now known as the Paralympic Games. Olympic style games for athletes with disabilities were first organized in Rome in 1960.
In Toronto in 1976, were added to other disability groups, and had the idea to join together different disability groups for international sport competitions. In the same year, the first Paralympic Winter Games are held in Sweden.
Youth Olympic Games - is Special Olympics athletes juniors aged 14 to 18 years. Pass both summer and winter games. They are held every four years - the summer of 2010 and the winter of 2012.
The predecessor of the Youth Olympic Games is the World Youth Games, held (since 1998 Games in Moscow), under the auspices of the IOC, but did not have the official status of "Olympic."