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Rock Cycle PowerPoint Presentation

Rock Cycle

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Rock Cycle

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  1. Rock Cycle http://www.uwgb.edu/dutchs/EarthSC-202VisualsIndex.HTM

  2. View From Space - Klyuchevskaya, Russia

  3. Igneous Rocks Cool from the Molten State • Extrusive -- Erupted on Surface (volcanic) • Intrusive -- Solidify Within Earth (Plutonic) Large Grain Size ---> Slow Cooling • Extrusive Rocks -- Fine Grained • Intrusive Rocks -- Coarse Grained

  4. Metamorphic Facies

  5. Bowen's Series and Igneous Rocks

  6. Metamorphism Changes in Rock Composition or Texture Due to Heat, Pressure and Action of Fluids (like magma)

  7. Major Metamorphic Rock Types

  8. Contact Around Intrusions Shallow: 0-6 Km Low Pressure Local Regional Wide Areas 5-20 Km, Sometimes 30+ High Pressure Usually Accompained by Deformation Types of Metamorphism

  9. Sedimentary Rocks Deposited on or Near Surface of Earth by Mechanical or Chemical Processes

  10. Environmental Clues in Sedimentary Rocks • Fossils • Salt Water - Corals, Echinoderms • Fresh Water - Insects, Amphibians • Terrestrial - Leaves, Land Animals • Color And Chemistry • Red Beds - Often Terrestrial • Black Shale - Oxygen Poor, Often Deep Water • Evaporites – Arid Climates

  11. Sediment Sizes and Clastic Rock Types Sedimentary rocks made of silt- and clay-sized particles are collectively called mudrocks, and are the most abundant sedimentary rocks.

  12. Facies Changes

  13. Plant Fragments Are Often Visible in Coal

  14. Diagenesis

  15. What Rocks Tell Us