Early yearsnot much land use planning: lots of development planning • 1880s- crown grants to promote railway • 1885- Banff, Canada’s first National Park • 1900s- Old Temp Tenures • 50s-60s-rapid expansion of logging • [technology [tree species] and policy [open up the hinterland]] • 1956-referral process [DFO/MoF] • 1960-Columbia R. Treaty [Hamber] Data: project based, not much provincial.
1970slocal conflicts; weak regional system • Agriculture Land Reserve • Emergence of IWMPs, CRMPs, FLULC[RRMC] • 1970-73-referral system expanded and then evolved to Coast Logging Guidelines, Folio System [habitat biologists hired] • First “park” thru action of environmental groups: Purcells. Data : basic inventories; limited use [eg Forest Cover]. primitive GIS [Folio] computers used to analyze [MUSYC]
1980sHot Spots • South Morsby, Mearse Island, Valhalla Park • Beetle epidemic • Interior Logging Guidelines, habitat logging guidelines in Kootenays • More local planning CAMP, LRUPs • 1987-Brundlandt’s 12% • Old Growth Project [PAS] • FN-Delgamuukw –est. existence of rights and title.
1990s • PAS merged with CORE in Kootenays • Two LUPs and one ‘pilot project’, “IS” and HLP • New Parks • IFPAs [Invemere and Arrow] • First modern day treaty [Nisga’a-[settlementlands]] • KKTC initiated. Data: • Multiple Accounts Analysis • computer assisted GIS [exposed many data issues] • beginning of linking models [required compatible data bases and linked modeling assumptions.]
2000s • KBLUPs implementation continues • Legislated “two zone” land use system for Mining • Hot issues: species at risk [Caribou], access planning • Market forces; SFMPs, Certification / Criteria and Indicators • Planning ministry [MSRM -> MAL] • KKTC in stage 4 [AIP] and working on their own LUP Data: • Faster more powerful computers, linking values, models and data • Corporate data versus local data structure
Timber Planning • 50s-60s planning focused on sustained [timber] yield and operations [CPs] • ‘67 –new TSHL- longer term -> 5 yr Development Plan. • Up to 1990s harvesting ‘lived’ in a contract world. • 5yr Dev Plans were approved annually • 1990s- contract to legislative world [CODE] • Forest Development Plan with 2 yr approval • 2000s- prescriptive to results based world [FRPA] • FSP with a 5 yr term, extendable to 10
Data: • Licensees need to demonstrate consistency with gov’t’s objectives [multiple]: Government only approves FSP if consistent. Both need good data across several values!