Public Speaking: NONVERBAL DELIVERY
OBJECTIVES • Explain why nonverbal delivery is important • Explain the relationship between verbal and nonverbal delivery • Identify and explain the seven major elements of nonverbal delivery • List strategies for improving nonverbal delivery
Importance of Nonverbal Delivery • The 1960 historic debates between Kennedy and Nixon took place on television and radio. • Television: Kennedy looked energetic, self-confident, and in command; Nixon looked tired and drawn (just recently released from hospital stay) • Radio: Listeners selected Nixon as victor; he was more prepared and knowledgeable about topics • Kennedy wins election. What does this tells us?
Relationship between verbal and nonverbal delivery • Most communication is nonverbal • Nonverbal reinforces the verbal • Nonverbal can replace the verbal • Nonverbal can contradict the verbal
Elements of Nonverbal Delivery • Posture and stance • Appearance • Movement • Gestures • Eye Contact • Facial Expressions • Paralinguistics
Posture and Stance • The way you stand has much to do with how you sound as well as how you look and move • Erect posture = projected voice, good breathing, eliminates choppiness • Communicates you are interested in the topic and enthusiastic about your speech. IMPROVE: both feet firmly planted, distribute weight evenly, avoid standing with feet parallel
Appearance • Can add or detract your message • Clothes should be neat and not distracting IMPROVE: Wear clothes that fit the occasion; avoid t-shirts with printed messages and jewelry that is tempting to play with
Movement • Shows energy and enthusiasm • Use it as transitions • Get closer to audience • Keeps audience from getting bored • Helps with nervous energy (relieves natural tension) IMPROVE: Avoid moving too much; make it natural; don’t plan it; movements should match up with words
Gestures • Expressing emotions through movement of your limbs, body, or head • Types: Emphatic – provides emphasis; Descriptive: describes IMPROVE: Let them develop naturally; avoid grasping the sides of the podium or holding your notes with both hands
Eye Contact • Audiences like the feeling that you are talking to them • Makes you more trustworthy • You can see feedback from your audience IMPROVE: Know your material; rely less on notes; direct your eye contact to all parts of audience; practice in front of your friends and spread them apart
Facial Expressions • Show interests and involvement • Figures out moods and attitudes IMPROVE: Should be natural; videotape your speech/watch yourself
Paralinguistics • Vocal clues such as volume, rate, or inflection that tell a receiver how to interpret spoken words • This is nonverbal since the messages rely on HOW something is said rather than what is said IMPROVE: Practice!!!
Nonverbal Challenge: “Guesstures” Tournament • Split into two teams: Frosh vs. Upperclassment • Go over “Guesstures” Rules and Instructions • *Everyone on your team must go ONCE, then you can pick members to complete the game. • Winning Team receives 20 points; Losing Team receives 19 points (out of 20)