YANGTZE RIVER DELTA(YRD) Group 2: Fanny(8) Daisy(11) Ken(17) Taylor(22) Winnie(24) Martin(27)
Yangtze River Delta Coastal location extensive flatland
Background Information of YRD • a main cultural and economic center of China. • called Golden Triangle of the Yangtze • the triangular-shaped territory of Shanghai, southern Jiangsu province and northern Zhejiang province of China.
Background Information of YRD • the largest concentration of adjacent metropolitan areas in the world. It is home to over 80 million people in 2007. • GDP of $2 trillion US, which is 40% of the national economy • one of the most densely populated regions on earth, and includes one of the world's largest cities on its banks—Shanghai
Shanghai • Dominant by high-tech and heavy industries such as iron and steel industry • Examples of industrial zones -Shanghai Baoshan Industrial Zone -Shanghai International Automobile City -Shanghai Caohejing Hi-Tech Park -Shanghai Fuhua New & Hi-Tech Park
Jiangsu • important industries include: -machinery -electronic -chemicals -automobile • Examples of industrial zones: • Changzhou New & High-Tech Industrial Development Zone • Kunshan Economic and Technological Development Zone • Suzhou Industrial Park • Suzhou National New & Hi-Tech IdustrialDevelopment Zone
Zhejiang • important industries include: - electromechanical industries • textiles • chemical industries • food • construction materials • Examples of industrial zones: • Wenzhou Economic and Technological Development Zone • Xiaoshan Economic and Technological Development Zone • Zhejiang Quzhou Hi-Tech Park
Main Types of Industries • Heavy industries: -Petroleum e.g. Sinopec Corporation -Automobile manufacturing e.g. Shanghai Volkswagen Automotive -Iron and steel industry e.g. the Baosteel Group Corporation • Light industries: -Textiles -Electronics e.g. Shanghai Biaobao Textile Machinery & Electrical Equipment Co Ltd -Hi-tech industry e.g. Shanghai Ningtong High-Tech.Co.
Locational Advantages—Government • Economic reform in 1978 • Industries are encouraged to set up in YRD • Industrial zoning: • Setting up various free trade zones and special areas • E.g. Wuhu Economic Development Area • To provide a place for industrial agglomeration and the sharing of supportive services which helps to lower the production cost. • Infrastructural supports • To increase the accessibility of the area and the linkages with other regions • Good infrastructure can also attract investment • e.g. the Donghai Bridge, , Shanghai-Hangzhou Highway
Locational Advantages—Government • development projects • To provide a better industrial environment and investment opportunities by opening the region to international • E.g. the Expo 2010 in Shanghai • Subsidies • e.g. preferential tax policies like tax deduction • Help to lower the production cost of the industrialists.
Locational Advantages—Market • Some big cities with dense population are found in the YRD • E.g. Shanghai, Nanjing • Provide a large and stable market outlet for the finished products because of the large demand of people. • Provide a large supply of scrap metal for iron and steel industries as raw materials. • Enable the quick transfer of market information for the industries.
Locational Advantages—Market • Coastal location • Help to reach the international market and export the finished goods to the other countries. • Attract foreign investment
Locational Advantages—Transport • large cities were well-linked by main roads, bridges and expressways • E.g. the Shanghai-Hangzhou Highway, the Hangzhou Bay Trans-Sea Bridge • Provide high accessibility within the country. • Favorable to industrial agglomeration • More easy transport of raw materials or finished goods-> lower cost
LocationalAdventages—Transport • Airports/Port facilities • e.g. Shanghai Pudong International Airport, Zhangjiagang • Allow the exports and imports of goods
LocationalAdventages-Technology • It is getting more and more important!! • Technological advanced • The use of scrap metal -> reduce the reliance on iron ore in iron and steel in iron and steel industry. • Improvement in transport ->shorter transportation time and lower cost of production
LocationalAdventages-Technology • Good communication network • Easier for high-tech industries to exchange information • Automation • Reduce the use of labour • Increase the production efficiency
Locational Advantages—Raw Materials They are heavy and bulky for iron and steel industries such. E.g. the Baosteel Group Corporation Before: stay close to the iron ore(raw materials) ->due to the improvement of transport and technology Now: X close to the raw materials It becomes less and less important in the region
The importance of the locational factors transport Government technology YRD market Raw materials
One Core Six Zone • Shanghai as the core . • the development regions along the Yangtze River will be divided into six development zone. • joint development to raise the regional competitiveness.
Further development of the Golden Waterway • Industrial concentration in the coastal region, such as manufacturing, chemicals and logistics. • developing a industrial zone with better planning which can become the core components of the industrial region along the Yangtze River.
Development of the region along the Hangzhou Bay • Rely on the existing manufacturing bases • the ports facilities, the high tech industries, high valued added, processing industries and the heavy industries will be developed there. • to develop a coordinated modern manufacturing zone and town aggregate zone
Development of the coastal region • ports facilities of the coastal cities -> develop and strengthen the logistics industries, heavy industries and the energy bases there. • Developing a new coastal industries and a comprehensive economic zone ->maritime economy and ecological protection can be coordinated.
Comparison between PRD and YRD • amount of foreign investment and exports
Let’s discuss together!!! -Apart from foreign investment and export- Are there any other differences between PRD AND YRD??? -geographical location -locational factors: -market -labour -transport -institution