Post-classical: tang & Song dynasties of china • Like Western Europe after the decline of the Roman Empire, China entered a long period of turmoil and unrest after the collapse of the Han Dynasty in A.D. 220. • As in the west, the advance of the Huns helped plunge China into disunity. • Several warring kingdoms arose, and science, art and culture declined; however, during this same time Buddhism spread through much of China. • It took several hundred years before China re-emerged as one of the world’s leading civilizations under the Tang Dynasty.
Tang Dynasty (618 C.E. – 907 C.E): Golden Age of China • Emperor Tang Taizong: second emperor • Military buildup/expansion to Tibet, Vietnam, Manchuria; frontier Turkish forces • Empress Wu Zhao 688: Conquest of Korea • Tang era is the first time explosive powder is used as a weapon • Significant engineering achievements: bridges, canals, irrigation • Economic Developments: • First use of paper money/banks; flying money: credit vouchers • Foreign trade on Silk Road grew, tea from SE Asia • Attempt to help the free peasants with redistribution of land • Revival of a strong bureaucracy/Confucianism- Civil Service Examination system expanded • Buddhism flourishes under early Tang leaders like Empress Wu (wants to establish Buddhism as a state religion) Achievement plays a greater role than in the Han dynasty, in shaping China today.
Role of Women declines: Footbindingbecame common because tiny feet was a mark of status for women.
•Political Developments • Rule limited to southern China after Tang losses in Central Asia and Manchuria • Economic Developments • Introduction of a fast-growing rice from Vietnam that led to faster growing population • Moveable type spread to Japan and Korea • Paper money contributed to a large-scale economy • Advances in sailing technology, such as the magnetic compass, led to the growth of ocean trade • Cultural Developments • Reached new heights in Chinese art with natural landscapes and objects drawn with black ink • China’s population was at 100 million with ten cities having at least 1 million people SONG DYNASTY (960 C.E. – 12 76 C.E.) Song Dynasty will fall To invaders from the North