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What is History? PowerPoint Presentation
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What is History?

What is History?

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What is History?

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  1. What is History? Four main topics

  2. History Begins with a Question or Problem • Gather information and facts related to the question. • Evidence can be used to reconstruct the past. • Evidence can be used to prove a statement or support a conclusion.

  3. History Begins with a Question or Problem • Historical evidence comes in many forms: artifacts, photos, magazines, old movies. (sources) • Two types of sources: Primary and Secondary. • Primary: 1st hand information from people who were there. • Secondary: 2nd hand information from people who were not present.

  4. Historians Select and Weigh Evidence • All historical evidence must be critically evaluated. • Examine point of view, perspective or outlook on events. • Point of view can be shaped by: age, gender, religion, occupation, or political views.

  5. Historians Select and Weigh Evidence • Bias- any factor that might distort or color a person’s observations; it makes a source less trustworthy. • Bias could come from: friendships, preference or dislike of a person or group.

  6. Historians Reconstruct and Interpret the past • Reconstructing begins with chronology. • If historical events are in order, connections can be made. • Elements used: cause and effect, identifying trends, and changes.

  7. Historians Reconstruct and Interpret the past • Interpretation: finding meaning or significance in historical events. • Elements used: analysis: (what, how, why ?) and the effects on society. • Point of view blends with interpretation

  8. History is never finished • History is open to interpretation. • Historians have their own distinct backgrounds and point of view. • Interpretations can be reviewed and criticized, revised and debated. • Differences of opinion creates interest. • Mistakes can be made and corrected by others. • New generations of historians create new arguments.