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Introduction: Online Tutoring

Introduction: Online Tutoring

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Introduction: Online Tutoring

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  1. Introduction: Online Tutoring Dr. Mohammad DaudKhattak Regional Director, AIOU Regional Campus, Peshawar

  2. Contents • Concept and definition • Types of e-tutoring • limitations and Advantages • Core competencies of e-tutors • Planning online lessons • Online students management • Challenges of e-tutoring • Future of online tutoring

  3. Generations of distance education

  4. Generations of distance learning

  5. Learning environments • Face-to-face teaching (F2F) • Traditional distance learning (TDL) • Online learning (e-learning and m-learning) • Others Academic person Academic process Academic environment

  6. What is tutoring? • Teachingis formal academic process • Tutoring is a supplemented effort • Tutoring is the process of moderation and facilitation to achieve learning • Tutoringis the process of guidance in a specific course/subject Tutoring Tutor

  7. What is a Tutor? • Generally a tutor is an academic person who has responsibility of moderation or guidance of the learners through tutoring in the distance learning environment • Tutors engaged in TDL referred to as tutors • Tutors engaged in online learning referred to as e-tutors e-tutors

  8. Teacher Commonalities in all forms of teachers Tutor e-Tutor

  9. Commonalities in all forms of teachers • Instruct/guide/coach the learners • Manage the learners • Asses academic activities of learners • Keep record of learners and activities • Give advice to learners • Many more

  10. Commonalities in tutors and e-tutors Tutor e-Tutor

  11. Commonalities in tutors and e-tutors • Use of ODL environment • Use of especially designed course material • Use of ODL methodologies for delivery of course material • Use of ODL methodologies in learners assessment • Many more

  12. Commonalities in teachers and e-tutors Teacher e-Tutor

  13. Commonalities in teachers and e-tutors • May have real time interaction with learners • Feedback from learners at real time • Synchronous discussion • Many more

  14. Why e-tutors? • Yes e-tutoring is an emerging pedagogy • Online teaching is different from F2F and TDL • One can not assume that all skills/pedagogy of F2F and TDL will be appropriate in Cyberspace Teaching Online Environment

  15. What is an online environment?

  16. What is an online environment?

  17. What is e-learning?

  18. What is e-learning? Learning through online environment

  19. Essential elements of e-learning e-contents/digital content Digital communication Interface e-Tutor

  20. Types of e-tutoring • e-Writing Lab allows learners to submit draft papers, the tutor respond a feedback within a specified time frame • Live Tutoring allows learners to meet with a tutor in one-on-one or more tutoring sessions via a fully interactive online environment • e-Questions allows learners to send a specific question for an e-tutor, who will respond within specified time frame 

  21. Limitations of e-tutors • Students must have basic IT knowledge • Good broadband is required for video based interaction • Time difference especially for international e-tutor and/or students • Complex calculations may difficult to explain • Graphical explanations may difficult – it is much more time consuming to create a graph in e.g. Excel than to sketch on paper • Many more

  22. Advantages of e-tutors • Uniform tuition is provided to masses • Uniform quality course material is provided • Free of cost course material • No geographic limitations • e-tutors do not travel for taking a session • e-tutors may not miss a session, if traveling • e-tutors can track record of learners using LMS • e-tutors can assess learners online • Many more

  23. Core competencies of e-tutors • General competencies • Appropriate use of current technology • Understand the Change role of e-tutor • Aware of digital educational resources • Development of own digital resources • Awareness about online ethical issues

  24. Core competencies of e-tutors … • Specific competencies • Planning and management • Plan how e-tutoring will be employed • Establish the technical facilities necessary to support e-tutoring • Provide administrative support • Provide learners with technical and subject matter expertise • Initiate activities that will facilitate learning

  25. Core competencies of e-tutors … • Specific competencies … • Communicating with learners • Establish relationships with online learners • Communicate appropriately with online learners • Competent enough in text chatting • Competent enough using audio/video devices • Good understanding of official website

  26. Core competencies of e-tutors … • Specific competencies … • Integrating ICT tools • Use Web pages for communication with and between learners • Use email for communication • Use bulletin boards and discussion forums for communication with and between learners • Use text, audio and video conferencing for communication with and between learners • Use of MS office for additional support

  27. Core competencies of e-tutors … • Specific competencies … • Reflecting on student and tutor experiences • Editing of e-documents • Assess learners' performance • Evaluate and continuously improve e-tutoring support

  28. Planning online lessons • Study the curriculum of course unit carefully • Search and collect available digital resources • Filter and select appropriate digital resources • Upload the digital material • Ensure available online during pre-defined time • Strictly follow the defined type of e-tutoring • Don’t forget activities of drill and practice • Always include feedback of the learners

  29. Online students management • Prior students orientation to use LMS • Circulate online ethical guidelines • Carefully divide students week time for a given course into manageable segments i.e • Readings say 3 hours • Assignments say 3 hours • Discussions say 2 hours  • Define deadlines carefully i.e 12:00 pm • Assignment#1 submission deadline is May 21, 2014 till 12:00 mid night

  30. Online students management • Declare clear directions and be consistent i.e • If assignments are required to be submitted via a certain process, then collect all with same process or highly publicize exceptions • Timely respond to students questions • Generate discussion forums frequently • Encourage and engage students to use discussion forum

  31. e-tutors challenges • Technological issues • Cope with the new technologies • Bandwidth issues • Technology dependency • Digital learning resources • Filtering of the appropriate digital resources • Development of own digital resources • Compatibility of digital resources • Production quality of digital resources • Content richness, depth, and breadth

  32. e-tutors challenges … • Expensiveness • initial cost of e-learning service is expensive • high initial production cost of online materials • update of digital content may expensive • tutors must be confident that extra cost is balance with benefits of delivering a course • significant time needs to be invested in course set-up and in ongoing maintenance i.e checking links, update e-content etc.

  33. e-tutors challenges … • Dependencies on others • may be dependent for help i.e search of course materials, software not working, technology failure • Accommodate the disabilities • students with visual or physical impairments may be difficult to accommodate • Most of the time stay online • Difficult online text chatting for languages like Urdu and Arabic

  34. e-tutors challenges … • Indirect issues faced by e-tutors • Lack of students online exposure • Not enough or poor online information by online administers • Website or LMS interface is not good • Students accounts issues • Many more

  35. Future of e-tutors • Global perspective • e-learning is rapidly growing around the world • MOOC-Massive Open Online Courses are the hottest trend right now in e-learning • Micro-Learning or mini bytes of learning contenttrend gaining growing popularity i.eFive minute videos, one page documents, focused lessons, small chunks of information, and other flexible activities that may be easily incorporated in a busy daily life • The importance and recognition of informal learning through social media

  36. Future of e-tutors • Localized perspective • inability of standard education systems to address unique needs of each student • lack of teaching staff at schools • outdated school infrastructural facilities • increasing trend of Internet • growing demand of new technologies

  37. Thanks to All