Voluntaryeuthanasia Martin André Bjørnsgård
Definition • “Good death” - It refers to the practice of intentionally ending a life in order to relieve pain and suffering • When a mentally competent person wants to die in a painless manner trough assistance of others
Classification • Passive: alteringtreatmentofpacient. Examplescould be turning off respirators, stopmedication, discontinuefood and water causingstarvation/dehydration. • Active: causingdeathtroughdirect action by for examplelethalmedication.
Origin • Imagine that you are suffering from a disease that is terminal and very painful. Should you have the right to die when you wish rather than live in continued agony? • Should your doctor be legally free to help you take your own life? • Or should the law forbid anyone—including doctors—to assist in the suicide of another human being?
Exampleofpacient • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Vzp_vTMwTdY
”Sixdaysafter a panel ofHigh Court judgesrejected his request for help in ending his life, Tony Nicklinsondiedbecauseofrefusingfood and water” • http://www.nytimes.com/2012/08/23/world/europe/tony-nicklinson-who-fought-for-assisted-suicide-is-dead.html?_r=0
Arguments FOR voluntaryeuthanasia • CHOICE -> Fundamental principle. Every human being has the right to choosewhen to die. • SUFFERING -> The pain and suffering a person feels during a disease, even with pain relievers, can be incomprehensible to a person who has not gone through it. • COSTS AND HUMAN RESOURCES -> Today in many countries there is a shortage of hospital space. The energy of doctors and hospital beds could be used for people whose lives could be saved instead of continuing the life of those who want to die. This will increase the general quality of care and shortens hospital waiting lists.
Arguments AGAINST voluntaryeuthanasia • MORALLY UNACCEPTABLE -> This view usually treats voluntary euthanasia to be a type of murder/suicide • ROLE AS A PHYSICIAN -> It goes against a physician’s duty to preserve life • CONSENT UNDER PRESSURE -> Hospital personnel would have an economic incentive to advise or pressure people toward euthanasia consent • NECESSITY -> If there is some reason to believe the cause of a patient's illness or suffering is or will soon be curable
Sources • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voluntary_euthanasia • PhysicalExamination in InternalMedicine (LadislavChrobák, Thomas Gral and coworkers) pg. 14-18 • http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/Euthanasiaandassistedsuicide/Pages/Introduction.aspx