The economy of well being THE HUMAN CAPITAL PROJECT
will accelerate more and better investments in people globally • Human Capital Index: Make the case for investment in human capital. • Measurement & Research: Improve measurement and research and provide analysis to support investments in human capital. • Country engagement: Support Early Adopters, and ultimately all countries, to prepare national strategies that accelerate progress on human capital. 2
HUMAN CAPITAL index 3
SURVIVALWill children born today survive to school age? SCHOOLHow much school will they complete and how much will they learn? HEALTH Will they leave school in good health, ready for further learning and/or work? HUMAN CAPITAL INDEX: THE STORY Three ingredients reflect building blocks of the next generation’s human capital: “ How much human capital can a child born today expect to acquire by age 18, given the risks to poor health and poor education that prevail in the country where she lives? ”
HUMAN CAPITAL INDEX: distance to frontier SURVIVAL SCHOOL HEALTH HCI Children who don’t survive don’t grow up to become future workers Contribution of quality-adjusted years of school to productivity of future workers Contribution of health (adult survival rate and stunting) to productivity of future workers Productivity of a future worker (relative to benchmark of complete education and full health) x x =
HUMAN CAPITAL INDEX: COVERAGE HUMAN CAPITAL INDEX HCI covers 157 countries as of October, up from 141 in June
Measurement & Research agenda • The objectives are: (i) to provide policymakers with more information on how to invest in human capital, and (ii) to create public demand for human capital investments. • As data coverage improves and scope of the Index expands, future versions of the Index will cover early childhood and post-school learning (higher education and on-the-job) and health morbidities related to productivity (communicable diseases, non-communicable diseases, mental health), etc. • The measurement and research work will also: • Focus on measurement at sub-national levels and deepen understanding of inequalities. • Better understand the process of human capital accumulation. • Assess the quality of delivery systems in each country.
Progress on “early adopters” • Early Adopters are a group of 28 countries that have expressed advance interest in the Human Capital Project. • These countries span various regions and income levels. They are: • Working with WB through focal points in government. • Elevating the human capital policy dialogue across sectors. • Identifying national priorities for accelerating progress on human capital. • Early adopters will launch a community of practice on human capital.
POLAND Human Capital Index: OVERVIEW Survival School Health 1 2 3 2.1 Quality adjusted years of schooling 1.1 3.1 3.2 Adult survival rate Not stunted prevalence Under-5 survival rate 14 years 0 years 95% MAX MAX MIN MAX MIN MIN Human capital shortfall in education (x-14) 100% survival probability 100% not stunted probability 0.5% 11% 0.8 yrs 13.2 89% HCI x = x 0% 0% Expected productivity gap resulting from less than potential health Expected productivity gap resulting from loss of future workers Expected productivity gap resulting from less than potential education Human capital shortfall in survival (x/1) Human capital shortfall in health (x-1)
POLAND Human Capital Index: Health 1.1 Under-5 survival rate Between 1990 and 2016, the probability a Polish newborn survives to age 5 improved from 99.1 per cent to 99.5 per cent Newborn girls more often than boys survive to age 5 3.2 Adult survival rate In 2016, about 88.7 per cent fifteen years olds will survive to age 60 in the Poland, a number that is low compared to regional peers (Europe & Central Asia – 90.0 per cent) Source: World Bank (2018). Human Capital Index.
POLAND Human Capital Index: Education 2.1 Expected Years of School Poland is one of the fastest of OECD countries to raise education quality (PISA score increase) over the last decade 2.2 Harmonized Test Scores Harmonized Test Scores for Poland significantly exceeds scores of Europe and Central Asia, 537 and 495 respectively Source: World Bank (2018). Human Capital Index.
POLAND Human Capital Index: Progress A child born in Poland today will be 75 per cent as productive when he or she grows up as it could be if it had enjoyed complete education and full health Loss in future productivity of one fourth Source: World Bank (2018). Human Capital Index.
Human Capital Development Strategy 2020 The main purpose of Human Capital Development Strategy (HCDS) is to develop human capital by harnessing the potential of people in such a way that they can participate fully in social, political and economic life at all stages of life • Increase in employment • Prolonging professional activity and ensuring better functioning of older people • Improving the situation of people and groups at risk of social exclusion • Improving citizens' health and increasing the efficiency of healthcare • Raising the level of competence and qualifications of citizens