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Crystal PowerPoint Presentation

Crystal

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Crystal

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  1. Gram ’ s Gram’s (Primary stain) (Primary stain) Crystal Alcohol Safranin Gram’s Gram ’ s iodine violet Crystal

  2. 1 2 4 5 3 Answers: 1. Gram-negative spirilli 2. Gram-positive bacilli 3. Gram-positive cocci 4. Gram-negative bacilli 5. Gram-positive cocci

  3. Culture A should be composed of these two bacteria Micrococcus lutea (Gram-positive sarcinae cocci in cuboidal packets of four to eight, stained purple-violet) and Klebsiella pneumoniae (very small Gram-negative bacilli stained red-pink). Micrococcuslutea produces tiny bright yellow colonies and Klebsiellapneumoniae produces larger, mucoid white colonies.

  4. Culture B should be composed of these two bacteria Staphylococcus aureus (irregular clusters of small Gram-positive cocci stained purple-violet) and Serratiamarcesens (very small Gram-negative bacilli stained red-pink) Staphylococcusaureus produces small pale golden colonies and Serratia marcesens produces larger reddishcolonies.

  5. Bacillus megaterium (large, thick Gram-positive bacilli, often with endospores, stained purple-violet) and Escherichia coli (small Gram-negative bacilli stained red-pink). T O Escherichia coli produces small irregular translucent (T) white colonies and Bacillus megaterium produces larger, more rounded opaque (O) white colonies. These are sometimes difficult to distinguish in room light. Culture C should be composed of these two bacteria

  6. These photos show a Gram stain of a bacterial infection (x1000). Distinguish the bacteria and the human cells in each smear. Which photo (top or bottom) shows Gram-negative bacteria? Are they bacilli or cocci? 1 2 Answers: 1 and 4: Human cells 2 and 3: Bacteria Gram-negative cocci in bottom photo 4 3

  7. Answer: Gram-positive diplococcus

  8. Answer: Gram-positive streptococcus

  9. Answer: Gram-negative bacilli

  10. Answer: Gram-positive diplococcus