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附加疑问句 Tag Question PowerPoint Presentation
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附加疑问句 Tag Question

附加疑问句 Tag Question

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附加疑问句 Tag Question

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  1. 附加疑问句Tag Question

  2. 附加疑问句的四种基本形式 • “陈述句+附加问句” • That clock is slow, isn’t it? • That clock isn’t slow, is it? • That clock is slow, is it? • That clock isn’t slow, isn’t it? • 前两种为主要形式,后两种形式仅在特定语境下表示感情色彩。

  3. doesn’t he does he • Everybody knows what he has to do, ____________? • Nobody wants to go there, _______? • 当陈述部分的主语是everybody, everyone, someone, no one, nobody, somebody等指人的合成词时,附加问句部分的主语在正式语体中常用he, 在非正式语体中往往用they。 • Everybody enjoyed the party, didn’t they?

  4. isn’t it • Everything is ready, _______? • 陈述部分的主语是everything, anything, something, nothing 等指物的合成词时, 附加问句部分的主语只能用it。 • There’s something wrong, ___________? • 在there-存在句中,附加问句部分的主语也用there。 isn’t there

  5. did he wasn’t he • Bob rarely got drunk, _______? • He was unsuccessful, __________? • 陈述部分带有seldom, hardly, never, nowhere, rarely, few, little, nothing等否定词时, 附加问句的动词用肯定形式。 • 若陈述部分的否定词只带有否定前缀,附加问句用否定形式。

  6. aren’t I • I’m late, _______? • 陈述部分是I’m…结构时,附加问句用aren’t I。 • One can’t be too careful, ______________? • 陈述部分以one作主语, 附加问句的主语在正式场合用one,在非正式场合用you。 can one/ you

  7. don’t you doesn’t he isn’t he • You think you are funny, _________? • He thinks he is going to become a doctor, _________? • I suppose that he’s serious, ________? • I don’t think that she cares, _________? • 当陈述部分是带有that-分句作宾语的主从结构时,附加问句与主句的主语和谓语动词对应。 • 当陈述部分的主句是I suppose, I think, I believe, I suspect, I imagine 等结构时,附加问句与that –分句中的主谓保持对应,但要注意否定转移。 does he

  8. oughtn’t he/ shouldn’t he • The child ought to be punished, __________________________? • 陈述部分带有情态动词ought to时,附加问句在英式英语中仍用ought to,但在美式英语中用should。 • He used to smoke fifty cigarettes a day, ___________________? • 陈述部分带有情态动词used to时,附加问句可用used to 形式或did 形式。 usedn’t he/ didn’t he

  9. will you won’t you/ would you • Don’t move the chair, __________? • Be quiet, ____________________? • 在“祈使句+附加问句”结构中, 附加问句一般用will you, won’t you, would you. • 有时也可用can you, can’t you, why don’t you, could you等。 • Give me some cigarettes, can you?

  10. shall we will you • Let’s go camping, ___________? • Let us have a look at your book, _____________? • 在Let’s开首的祈使句之后,附加问句用shall we。 • 以Let us开始的祈使句,如果含义是allow us,不包括听话人在内时,附加问句用will you。

  11. She would have been more agreeable if she had changed a little bit, ____? • A) hadn’t she B) hasn’t she • C) wouldn’t she D) didn’t she • There used to be petrol station near the park, _____? • A) didn’t it B) doesn’t there • C) usedn’t it D) didn’t there