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Cold War Timeline

Cold War Timeline

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Cold War Timeline

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  1. Cold War Timeline 1945-1991

  2. 1945: Hitler dies, Germany surrenders WWII, Yalta Conf, Allies divide Germany into 4; UN replaces L of N; FDR dies, Harry Truman is President; Potsdam Conf; US drops bombs on Japan • 1946: Chinese Civil War cont; Churchill warns of the Iron Curtain; Viet Minh and French fight the First Indochina War; Bulgaria becomes Communist • 1947: The Truman Doctrine (Domino Effect, containment) US sends $400 million of military aid to Greece and Turkey; The Marshall Plan for rebuilding Europe; Britain grants India and Pakistan free; UN calls for free elections in Korea; Romania becomes Communist

  3. 1948: The Communist Party takes over Czechoslovakia; Truman signs the Marshall Plan; Syngman Rhee is President of South Korea (Republic of Korea); USSR declares the North (Demo People’s Rep of Korea) with Kim Il-Sung as PM; Stalin blockades Berlin; the Berlin Airlift begins; Tito of Yugoslavia is cast out of the Cominform • 1949: NATO is formed to resist Communist expansion; Berlin blockade ends; West zones of West Germany merge; Red Scare, McCarthyism; USSR tests the A-bomb; Mao Zedong wins China, declares PRC is communist

  4. 1950: USSR, PRC sign mutual defense pacts; Chiang Kai-Shek moves to Taiwan; N. Korea invades S Korea, the Korean conflict begins; UN landing at Incheon, re-capture Seoul, cross the 38th parallel into N Korea; China invades with 300,000; then withdraws; China invades again with 500,000 and forces UN troops back into South Korea. • 1951: Rosenberg trials; Gen. MacArthur is fired by Truman; Truman signs the Mutual Security Act

  5. 1952: the Marshall Plan ends, Nasser leads a coup in Egypt, UK tests the bomb, US tests 1st H-bomb • 1953: Eisenhower becomes President; Stalin dies; Khrushchev is the leader (executes Beria, his main rival); armistice ends fighting in Korea; CIA coup in Iran • 1954: 1st nuclear submarine (USA), Viet Minh defeat the French (DIen Bien Phu); France withdraws from Indochina; McCarthy says commies have infiltrated the CIA and atomic weapons industry; CIA backs coup in Guatemala; Nasser of Egypt becomes dictator and a Soviet ally

  6. 1955: NAM is created, The Warsaw Pact (Communist military counterpart to NATO), Eisenhower is President • 1956: Nikita Khrushchev delivers the famous “Cult of Personality” speech, begins de-Stalinization, Poland and Hungary anti-communist protests, Nasser nationalizes Suez Canal (Suez Crisis) • 1957: Sputnik I & II are launched, 1st dog Laika (USSR)

  7. 1959: Cuban Revolution, Fidel Castro becomes the leader of Cuba, the Kitchen Debate (Nixon & Khrushchev), Viet Cong form in N. Vietnam • 1960: France tests its first atomic bomb, U-2 Incident, American pilot Gary Powers is shot down over USSR, Sino-Soviet Split • 1961: Eisenhower severs diplomatic relations with Cuba, JFK becomes President, Bay of Pigs, JFK announces Apollo program, JFK sends missiles to Turkey, the Berlin Wall is built

  8. 1962: Cuban Missile Crisis, • 1963: Partial Test Ban Treaty signed, CIA assassinates Diem (S. Vietnam), JFK shot, Johnson is president • 1964: Gulf of Tonkin Incident (lie), Gulf of Tonkin Resolution, Brezhnev takes over USSR, China is 5th nuclear power • 1965: US military build up to defend South Vietnam. US begins bombing N. Vietnam.

  9. 1968: Tet Offensive in S. Vietnam, Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), Prague Spring (Czech) • 1969: Nixon becomes President, border clashes between China and USSR, secret bombing of Cambodia, Apollo 11 lands on moon (USA), Vietnamization • 1971: Khrushchev dies, UN recognizes PRC

  10. 1972: Nixon visits China, N. Vietnam invades South, Us provides major air support, détente between US and USSR, Nixon bombs Cambodia • 1974: Watergate, Nixon resigns, Ford becomes President • 1975: Khmer Rouge take over in Cambodia, N. Vietnam captures S. Vietnam, united under a Communist government. • 1976: Chinese Zhou Enlai and Mao Zedong die. • 1977: Jimmy Carter becomes President

  11. 1979: Vietnam removes the Khmer Rouge, China attacks N. Vietnam to punish it for invading Cambodia; Pope John Paul II visits Poland; Carter and Brezhnev sign SALT-II; Iranian hostage crisis, USSR invades Afghanistan • 1980: US boycotts summer olympics in Moscow; Josip Broz Tito (Yugoslavia) dies • 1981: Reagan the President, Iran hostage crisis ends; Solidarity movement in Poland

  12. 1982: Brezhnev dies, Andropov new leader • 1983: Reagan calls USSR “Evil Empire,” SDI (Star Wars); Korean plane shot down by USSR • 1984: USSR boycotts summer olympics in USA • 1985: Gorbachev becomes leader of USSR. • 1986: Chernobyl disaster (USSR); Iran-Contra Affair • 1987: Gorbachev announces Glasnost and Perestroika; Reagan challenges Gorbachev to “tear down this wall.” START I Treaty

  13. 1988: Soviets withdraw from Afghanistan. • 1989: Bush Sr. becomes President, Tiananmen Square Massacre; Solidarity (Polish trade union) elects Lech Walesa; Revolutions in Eastern Europe; Berlin Wall falls • 1990: The first McD’s in Moscow; Germany is reunified • 1991: Warsaw Pact dissolved; Yeltsin in USSR, USSR dissolves