Quotation “The novel isthebook of life” (D.H.Lawrence)
OneHundredYears of Solitude and Love in times of Angerare GarciaMarquez’sworks.
Are OneHundredYears of Solitude and Love in times of AngerGarciaMarquez’sworks?
OneHundredYears of Solitudeand Love in Times of Anger are not Ernesto Sabato’sworks.
Questionwords HowWhich HowlongWhere HowdeepWhen HowoldWhy Who Whom Whose What
1- Howlongisthe novel? 2- Howdeepisthestory? 3- HowoldisGarciaMarquez? 4- Whoistheauthor of De Pe a Pa? 5- Whowasthelastwinner of the Nobel Prize of Literature? 6- Whomdoes Bioy Casares dedicatehisbook?
7- WhoseisLove in Times of Anger? 8- What’sthename of Cortazar’smostfamousnovel? 9- Whichplay do youprefer: HamletorMacbeth? 10- Whereis Luisa Futoranskyfrom? 11- Whenwas Jorge Luis Borges born? 12- Whyis Alejandra Pizarnikimportantfor XX centuryliterature?
A wholesentence • A greatprolificdecade in thehistory of theEnglish novel isthe short periodbetween 1850 and 1860 inclusive.
Pronouns and Adjectives I my mine myself Youyouryoursyourself He hishishimself Sheherherherself Ititsitsitself Weouroursourselves Youyouryoursyourselves Theytheirtheirsthemselves
I am a teacher. Mystudents are in theclassroom. Thesebooks are mine. I myselfbringmybooks.
Nouns • things, objects, people, ideas, feelings, etc.
Form Simple: play, poem Derivative: student, immaturity, memorization,examination Compound: short story, classroom, lifespan, problem-solving
Formas de identificación del sustantivo (Ways of identifyingthenoun in thesentence) • Typicalendings: -ance: performance -ence: existence, competence -ity: diversity -er: writer -ist: artist, essayist, novelist -or: translator -ion: examination, memorization
-ness: usefulness -ism:syncretism,mecanism,mannerism -ship: partnership -dom: freedom -ing: problem-solving, processing -ment: experiment, payment
Inflexion Plural(Plural Inflection) “s” • poems, novels, plays, words “es” • dress- dresses, • church-churches, • process-processes
y - ies • activity – activities • story – stories Irregulares • man – men • child – children • person - people
Palabras plurales y singulares de origen griego y latino: • analysis – analyses • basis – bases • curriculum – curricula • hypothesis – hypotheses • syllabus – syllabi Dictionary Rules: Reglas del diccionario
Genitive Case • Cortazar’snovels are innovative. • Theresearches’articles are valuable.
Premodificadores del Sustantivo (premodifiers of thenoun) Articles: • the (el, la, los, las, lo); • A, an (un, una)
Possessiveadjectives My, your, etc. Demostrativeadjectives • This • ThatThisbookis mine • TheseThat novel isHopscotchbyCortazar • Those
Quantityadjectives • Many • Few • Little • Enough • Several • Any • Numeralslikeone, two, three, etc
Adjectivephrases of quantity • A lot of • Plenty of • A greatdeal of • A greatnumber of • A largequantity of
Distributiveadjectives • Each (cada) • Every (todas/os) • Either (una de dos) • Neither (ninguna de las dos)
Qualifyingadjectives • Famouswriters • Great novel • Long book • Contentioussubject • Importantworks
Present and pastparticipleverbs: Present • Learningprocesses • Affectingfactors • Changinglocation Past • Unrequitedlove • Written novel
Nouns • Madurationprocess • Behaviourpatterns
Postmodifiers • Phraseswithinitialpreposition Compilation of essays OneHundredYears of Solitude A bookby Borges
Phraseswithpresentparticipleverb • A bookanalyzingthehistory of our country • A picturedescribing a book and itsparts
Phraseswithpastparticipleverb Themethodused Thebookwritten in English
Phraseswithinitialinfinitive • Effortstoguaranteetheteaching-learningprocess
RelativePropositions …Rayuela, whichis a wonderful and innovative novel
Simple Present I write Youwrite He Shewrites It We Youwrite They
I do not(don’t) write Youdo notwrite He doesn’twrite Shedoesn’twrite Itdoesn’twrite Wedo notwrite Youdo notwrite Theydo notwrite
I write in my free time. I do notwritein my free time. Doyouwrite in your free time? Whatdoyouwrite in your free time?
GarciaMarquezwritesnovels. GarciaMarquezdoesnotwriteplays. DoesGarciaMarquezwritenovels WhatdoesGarciaMarquezwrite?
PresentContinuous I am writing a short story at themoment. I am studyingfor my exam. Sheiswriting a novel.
Areyoustudyingforyourexam? • Isshestudyingforherexam?
I’mnotwriting a novel • Sheisnotstudying at themoment.
Present simple and PresentContinuous ShewritesnovelsSheiswriting a novel now. I read short stories I am readingpoemsnow. WeteachlanguageThey are teachingnow
Past Simple Acciones que sucedieron en el pasado sin conexión con el presente
Regular Verbs – Irregular Verbs work – workedfind - found prove – provedknow - knew replace – replacedhave - had consist – consistedbe – was, were use – used do - did develop – developedteach - taught
Past Simple of TOBE InfinitiveSimple Past I was Tobe Youwere He was Shewas Itwas Wewere Youwere Theywere
Edgar Allan Poe wasborn in 1809. He wasfromthe USA. Hislifewasnoteasy. His real parentswerefrom Boston.