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Warm Up Sentences

Warm Up Sentences

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Warm Up Sentences

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  1. Warm Up Sentences Quarter 1

  2. Bell-Ringers: Sentence Fix Ups • Read the sentence---write a correction in your notebook. Be prepared to explain your revision decisions.

  3. Warm Up Sentence #1 swimming desperate to reach the shore a light was seen in the distance

  4. Word Challenge for the Day • What do the following words have in common?AssessBananaDresserGrammarPotatoReviveUnevenVoodoo • Hint • It is more than having letters repeated in each one...Hide • Show Hint • Answer • If you take the first letter and move it to the rear of the word, you get the same word when read backwards.Hide • Show Answer

  5. Corrected:  Swimming desperately to reach the shore, Bobsaw a light in the distance. (active vs. passive voice)

  6. Warm Up Sentence #2 put small dry twigs at the bottom of a fire that makes it easier to start the fire said juan ortiz our counselor

  7. Optical Illusion Challenge • How many legs does this elephant have?

  8. Corrected: "Put small, dry twigs at the bottom of a fire to make it easier to start," said Juan Ortiz, our counselor. (appositive)

  9. The Appositive • An appositive is a noun or noun phrase that renames another noun right beside it. The appositive can be a short or long combination of words. Look at these examples: • The insect, a cockroach, is crawling across the kitchen table. • The insect, a large cockroach, is crawling across the kitchen table. • The insect, a large cockroach with hairy legs, is crawling across the kitchen table. • The insect, a large, hairy-legged cockroach that has spied my bowl of oatmeal, is crawling across the kitchen table. • Here are more examples: • During the dinner conversation, Clifford, the messiest eater at the table, spewed mashed potatoes like an erupting volcano. • Genette's bedroom desk, the biggest disaster area in the house, is a collection of overdue library books, dirty plates, computer components, old mail, cat hair, and empty potato chip bags. • Reliable, Diane's eleven-year-old beagle, chews holes in the living room carpeting as if he were still a puppy.

  10. Punctuate the appositive correctly. The important point to remember is that a nonessential appositive is always separated from the rest of the sentence with comma(s). • When the appositive beginsthe sentence, it looks like this: A hot-tempered tennis player, Robbie charged the umpire and tried to crack the poor man's skull with a racket. • When the appositive interrupts the sentence, it looks like this: Robbie, a hot-tempered tennis player, charged the umpire and tried to crack the poor man's skull with a racket. • And when the appositive ends the sentence, it looks like this: Upset by the bad call, the crowd cheered Robbie, a hot-tempered tennis player who charged the umpire and tried to crack the poor man's skull with a racket.

  11. Appositive? Or Appositive Phrase? 1. The boys repaired our television set, an eighteen-year-old portable. 2. The poem, one of Robert Frost's best, is called "The Death of the Hired Man." 3. I can't find my notebook, the one I use for history class. 4. Dick's new suit, a gray flannel one, makes him look much older. 5. We enjoy walking, an exercise which requires no great skill. 6. The theater, an old and drafty one, is nevertheless always crowded. 7. My math teacher, Miss Holmes, has taught for twenty years. 8. The garage, a two-car one, is attached to the house. 9. James Hilton's book, Lost Horizon, has been filmed twice

  12. if you have either a yardstick or a measuring tape said mr dixon bring them tomorrow Warm Up Sentence #3

  13. Corrected:  “If you have either a yardstick or a measuring tape," said Mr. Dixon, "bring it tomorrow."

  14. Other options… “ …” / “‘ …’” • Can you believe that Mr. Dixon said, “If you have a yardstick bring it tomorrow”? (punctuating the entire sentence---quotation is inside) • Sally complained to me, “I can’t believe that Mr. Dixon said, ‘bring it tomorrow.’” (Sally is quoting Mr. Dixon—single quotation mark inside double)

  15. Check for understanding… • Is the following sentence in active or passive voice?: Notes were taken from powerpoint or teacher to be stored in personal folders. • What is the appositive in the following sentence: A hot-tempered tennis player Robbie charged the umpire and tried to crack the poor man's skull with a racket. • What do we call written conversation in a text? ________________.

  16. Change the passive voice to active: Flopsy My life has been changed by many different things. I remember when I learned that there was no Santa Claus. I was told by my friend Clive to wait up for Santa, and I did, but Santa never came. Instead, I saw my parents, tired and frazzled, slink down the stairs and lazily pile presents under the tree. My faith was shaken. There was no Santa. I also remember when my younger brother unmade the bed after I had made it up. I got so mad at him that he was picked up by the collar of his Spider-Man pajamas and thrown across the room by me. The nightstand was hit by his head, and his red and blue Spideyp.j.s were stained a darker red by his blood. I was so sorry. I was taught to control my anger by this event, and I was also reminded how much I loved my little brother. There are many more events that changed my life, but my life was most changed by my little stuffed bunny, Flopsy. Flopsy was given to me on Easter by my parents. He was pink and had funny, floppy ears and a cute white cottontail. Of all his parts, his fluffy tail was loved most by me. He was carried wherever I went. He was taken to breakfast, on the bus, to school, to the playground, to dinner, and to bed. He was taken everywhere. He was a well-loved little bunny, and he was loved most by me.

  17. Active voice= direct, more lively • Many different things have changed my life. I remember when I learned that there was no Santa Claus. My friend Clive told me to wait up for Santa, and I did, but Santa never came. Instead, I saw my parents, tired and frazzled, slink down the stairs and lazily pile presents under the tree. That event shook my faith. There was no Santa. I also remember when my younger brother unmade the bed after I had made it up. I got so mad at him that I picked him up by the collar of his Spider-Man pajamas and threw him across the room. His head hit the nightstand, and his blood stained his red and blue Spideyp.j.sa darker red. I was so sorry. This event taught me to control my angerand also reminded me how much I loved my little brother. • There are many more events that changed my life, but my little stuffed bunny, Flopsy, changed it the most. My parents gave Flopsy to me on Easter. He was pink and had funny, floppy ears and a cute white cottontail. Of all his parts, I loved his fluffy tail the most. I carried him wherever I went. I took him to breakfast, on the bus, to school, to the playground, to dinner, and to bed. I took him everywhere. He was a well-loved little bunny, and I loved him the most.

  18. Which woman do YOU see?

  19. StroopEffectTry to say the color of the words, instead of actually reading them. You will find it surprisingly difficult. The right half of your brain is trying to say the colors, the left half is trying to say the word itself. This picture brain teaser is used by mountaineers to test if their concentration is ok. (by J. R. Stroop).

  20. More Trivia • QuestionWhat is so fragile that when you say its name you break it?QuestionForward I am heavy, backwards I am not. What am I?QuestionWhat object has keys that open no locks, space but no room, and you can enter but not go in? QuestionI have five letters.If you take the first and last ones I will still be the same.Even if you take the middle letter I will be the same as before.What am I? http://www.buzzle.com/articles/word-brain-teasers.html

  21. Warm Up Sentence #4: Fix this! before them girls may play said coach pasternak they hafta meet the requirements in the manual

  22. Corrected “Before those girls may play,” said Coach Pasternak, “they have to meet the requirements in the manual.”

  23. WU#5--Revise for Grammar/Usage donna did mr ecklund require your class to read the short story flight to freedom bridget asked

  24. Corrected "Donna, did Mr. Ecklund require your class to read the short story 'Flight to Freedom’?"Bridget asked.

  25. Titles and Punctuation • Short Stories— “quotation marks” • Poems-- “quotation marks” • Plays —underline or italicize • Movies —underline or italicize • Television Programs —underline or italicize • Episodes on television “quotation marks” • Songs “quotation marks” • CDs/Albums —underline or italicize

  26. WU#6—Revise for Grammar/Usage the macaroni and cheese was made by saras mom for the party, the dish was liked by every one at the party

  27. Corrected • Sara’s mom made the macaroni and cheese for the party; everyone liked the dish. or • Everyoneat the party liked the macaroni and cheese dish that Sara’s mom made.

  28. run-ons or fused and comma splice ppt.pps • Comma splice— two independent clauses separated by a comma when a semi-colon, period, or additional coordinating conjunction is needed. • Fused sentence (also known as a “Run on”) two or more independent clauses in a sentence that are not separated by any punctuation, but that should be.

  29. Fix This! WU #7 a plaque at riverside park bears this quotation form thoreaus book walden that man is the richest whose pleasures are cheapest

  30. Corrected: • A plaque at Riverside Park bears this quotation from Thoreau's book Walden: "That man is the richest whose pleasures are the cheapest."

  31. Use a Colon : • After an independent clause that precedes a list. • The use of these punctuation marks often confuses students: comma, semicolon, colon, hyphen, and dash. • The Stearns County Theatrical Company announces the opening of the following plays:Lear, May 10th;Death of a Salesman, June 15th; andCamelot, August 20th. • There are three historical sources of belief: reason or intellect, custom or habit,and inspiration. • To separate an explanation, rule, or example from a preceding independent clause. • After a sleepless night, the senator made her decision: she would not seek re-election. • Music is more than a mechanical arrangement of sounds: it is an expression of deep feeling and ethical values. • A way to remember which direction to move the hands of the clock when changing to or from Daylight Savings Time: spring forward, fall back. • After the salutation of a business letter. • Dear Mr. Peterson: • Dear Faculty Member: • In the heading of a business memo. • TO: • SUBJECT: • Between the hour and the minutes. • 5:30 p.m. • 3:00 a.m. • Between the chapter and the verse in the Bible, in citations for some literary works, and between the volume and the number of some publications. • Genesis 1:18-20 • Part 3:121 • Vol. 2:34 • As part of a title. • Grey Power: A Practical Survival Handbook for Senior Citizens. • In a bibliography between the place of publication and the name of the publisher. • Bloomington, Indiana: Indiana University Press, 1966. • en to use a colon :

  32. WU #8 Revise for Grammar/Usage somebody must of lent my brother in laws ladder it weren't in the garage

  33. fragment, fused, comma splice, complete sentence?

  34. Corrected: Somebody must haveborrowed my brother-in-law's ladder; it wasn't in the garage. Was the sentence before an example of comma splice or fused?

  35. run-ons or fused and comma splice ppt.pps • Comma splice— two independent clauses separated by a comma when a semi-colon, period, or additional coordinating conjunction is needed. • Fused sentence (also known as a “Run on”) two or more independent clauses in a sentence that are not separated by any punctuation, but that should be.

  36. WU #9 camping near lake george we went fishing in the lake have taken many hikes and we like to explore in the area

  37. Verb Tense and Consistency • Went fishing past tense • Have taken many hikes past perfect tense • Like to explore present tense • Went fishing • Went hiking • Went exploring—too many “wents” Fishing, hiking, exploring Fished, hiked, explored Fish, hike, and explore

  38. Corrected: Camping near Lake George, we fished, hiked, and explored the area. Smiley-face technique? ____________

  39. WU # 10 – Fix this! he hasnt never showed much self reliance or had growed much from his experiences

  40. Corrected:  He has never shown much self-reliance or grown much from his experiences.

  41. The dreaded double negative--- • Incorrect • He can't convince no one to go with him. • Correct • He can convince no one to go with him. • He can't convince anyone to go with him. • Incorrect • I haven't never gone to the circus. • Correct • I have never gone to the circus. • I haven't ever gone to the circus.

  42. Correct These Please • Once he gets going, there isn't nothing that can stop him. • Once he gets going, there isn’t anything that can stop him. • I've tried to go with him, but I can't hardly keep up.

  43. Warm Up Sentence # 11 ms ruffalo shouldnt of left mr logan buy that computer she is president of design international

  44. Corrected:  • Ms. Ruffalo, president of Design International, shouldn't have let Mr. Logan buy that computer. •  What is the term between parentheses?

  45. Warm Up #12 justin was reflecting back on his career in music entertainment and then justin thanks every one who he had been associated with

  46. Avoid ending with a preposition • Where are you at? • Where are you? • What suitcase should I use to put my clothes into? • Into what suitcase should I put my clothes?

  47. Corrected Reflectingon his entertainment career, Justin thanked everyonewith whom he had been associated.

  48. How to identify? • links nouns, pronouns and phrases to other words in a sentence. The word or phrase that the preposition introduces is called the object of the preposition. • The book is on the table. The book is beneath the table. The book is leaning against the table. The book is beside the table. She held the book over the table. She read the book during class. • BOOK is the noun—ON is the preposition ---and TABLE is the object of the preposition

  49. Prepositions show “position” or relationship • aboard • about • above • across • after • against • along • amid • among • anti • around • as • at • before • behind • below • beneath • beside • besides • between • beyond • but • by • concerning • considering • despite • down • during • except • excepting • excluding • following • for • from • in • inside • into • like • minus • near • of • off • on • onto • opposite • outside • over • past • per • plus • regarding • round • save • since • than • through • to • toward • towards • under • underneath • unlike • until • up • upon • versus • via • with • within • without

  50. Prepositions: words that indicate “position” or relationship • common prepositions are • about, above, across, after, against, along, among, around, at, before, behind, below, beneath, beside, between, beyond, but, by, despite, down, during, except, for, from, in, inside, into, like, near, of, off, on, onto, out, outside, over, past, since, through, throughout, till, to, toward, under, underneath, until, up, upon, with, within,andwithout.