Warm-Up • How would you define the word “gothic”? Give me some examples of that word and the way it is used by teens today. Vocab Unit 8 Quiz Friday!
Charlotte Bronte • Born in England in 1816 • Her father was an Anglican clergyman and because of this, she often wrote about religious hypocrisy — those who preach one doctrine but live by another. • Charlotte’s sister Emily wrote Wuthering Heights, another gothic romance that is still widely studied and loved today. • Charlotte had to write under a male pseudonym because women were not taken seriously in Victorian England (during the reign of Queen Victoria from 1837 until 1901)
Charlotte’s Gothic Influence • A protagonist who struggles with isolation, abandonment, and loneliness • An old, rundown setting that evokes mystery and fear (often a castle or old mansion) • Supernatural or inexplicable events at crucial moments in the plot • Women are imprisoned or troubled (“damsel in distress”) • Romantic undertones Jane Eyre displays characteristics of a gothic novel:
People and Places to Remember Jane Eyre – the heroine of our story who was orphaned as a child and strives for both love and independence. Mrs. Reed – Jane’s cruel aunt John Reed – Jane’s horrible cousin Mr. Brocklehurst– The headmaster of Lowood School Ms. Temple – A kind teacher at Lowood Alice Fairfax – Head housekeeper at Thornfield Grace Poole – a maid at Thornfield Edward Rochester – the mysterious owner of Thornfield and Jane’s boss. Adele – Rochester’s daughter whom Jane is tutoring • Gateshead– the home of Jane’s aunt and cousins. She has lived here since the death of her parents • Lowood– A boarding school that Jane attends as a child • Thornfield– A mysterious mansion where Jane works as a governess to a little girl named Adele. • Ferndean– The final location of our story where the plot wraps up (More specifics later on this one!)
Let’s talk about it! • Jane • Mrs. Reed • John Reed • Victorian England • Orphans • Predictions of the Red Room?
Warm up • Go get your Jane Eyre book. • Answer the following questions in your notes under Gateshead: • What have we learned from Chapter 1? • List any developments in character, conflict, plot, symbols, Gothicism, etc. • What is your impression of Bronte’s writing? From what perspective is the book written? What is your opinion about Bronte’s voice? (VOICE: Distinct from the terms PERSONA, NARRATOR and TONE, voice is associated with the basic vision of a writer, her general attitude toward the world. The poet Sylvia Plath's voice, for example, might be called that of a victimized daughter, wife, and mother.)
Do now • 1. Get a textbook. • 2. Get a clean sheet of paper. Title it “I AM” • 3. Finish each line with your own words • I am- • I wonder • I hear-. • I am- (repeat) • I pretend- • I feel- • I touch- • I worry- • I cry- • I am-(repeat) • I understand- • I say- • I dream- • I try- • I hope- • I am-(repeat)
Short answer • What images in “400 Meter Freestyle” enhance the reader’s understanding of theme? • In “400 Meter Freestyle” Maxine Kumin enhances the reader’s understanding of the spirit of competition with the concrete formation of the poem. The narrator illustrates determination with the images of “that plum red heart [pumping] hard cries hurt how soon its near one more” (Lines 57-61). The obvious tenacity of the heart in combination with the lines of the poem which resemble a lapping pool create the feeling of the struggle in competition. The continuous lines bring the reader closer and closer to victory along with the narrator.