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Jenney’s First Year Latin Lesson 12

Jenney’s First Year Latin Lesson 12

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Jenney’s First Year Latin Lesson 12

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  1. Jenney’s First Year LatinLesson 12 Lesson 12 Vocabulary The Pluperfect Tense The Future Perfect Tense

  2. Lesson 12 Vocabulary

  3. audācia, audāciae, f. daring, boldness

  4. carrus, carrī, m. wagon

  5. cūra, cūrae, f. care, anxiety

  6. dominus, dominī, m. master, lord

  7. inopia, inopiae, f. lack, want

  8. īra, īrae, f. anger

  9. liber, librī, m. book

  10. locus, locī, m.loca, locōrum, n. (pl.) place

  11. magister, magistrī, m. master, teacher

  12. poena, poenae, f. punishment, penalty

  13. populus, populī, m. people, nation

  14. socius, sociī, m. ally, comrade

  15. The Perfect System: Pluperfect & Future Perfect Tenses

  16. The Perfect System • There are 2 other tenses in the perfect system • Perfect System = verbs formed from the perfect stem (3rd PP – -ī) • These are the pluperfect and future perfect

  17. The Pluperfect Tense

  18. Pluperfect Tense • Pluperfect tense (plūs quam perfectum) indicates action happening in the past before another past action/event • Translate: “had ________ed” • To form: • Find the perfect stem (3rd PP and drop the –ī) • Add the plupf. tense infix/marker –era– • Add personal endings (–m, –s, –t, –mus, –tis, –nt)

  19. Pluperfect Tense • So… perfect stem+ plupf. infix. + personal endings 3rd PP – -ī+ –era–

  20. Pluperfect Tense OR… perfect stem+ impf. of sum, esse 3rd PP – -ī+

  21. Pluperfect Tense OR… perfect stem+ plupf. endings 3rd PP – -ī+

  22. Pluperfect Tense ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātus: to walk

  23. Pluperfect Tense ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātus: to walk

  24. Pluperfect Tense ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātus: to walk

  25. Pluperfect Tense ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātus: to walk

  26. Pluperfect Tense ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātus: to walk

  27. Pluperfect of Sum, Esse • formed regularly • sum, esse, fuī, futūrus: to be

  28. Pluperfect of Sum, Esse • formed regularly • sum, esse, fuī, futūrus: to be

  29. Pluperfect of Sum, Esse • formed regularly • sum, esse, fuī, futūrus: to be

  30. Pluperfect of Sum, Esse • formed regularly • sum, esse, fuī, futūrus: to be

  31. Pluperfect of Sum, Esse • formed regularly • sum, esse, fuī, futūrus: to be

  32. Pluperfect of Sum, Esse • formed regularly • sum, esse, fuī, futūrus: to be

  33. The Future Perfect Tense

  34. Future Perfect Tense • Future perfect indicates an action that will have been completed in the future before another action takes place (but it’s not done yet) • Translate: “will have ________ed” • To form: • Find the perfect stem (3rd PP and drop the –ī) • Add the fut. pf. tense infix/marker –eri– • Add personal endings (–ō, –s, –t, –mus, –tis, –nt) • N.B.: drop the –i– in the infix for 1st SG (= –erō)

  35. Future Perfect Tense • So… perfect stem+ fut. pf. infix + personal endings 3rd PP – -ī+ –eri– *drop the –i– from the infix before the –ō

  36. Future Perfect Tense OR… perfect stem+ fut. of sum, esse (almost) 3rd PP – -ī+ *different than fut. of sum, esse (erunt)

  37. Future Perfect Tense OR… perfect stem+ fut. pf. endings 3rd PP – -ī+

  38. Future Perfect Tense ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātus: to walk

  39. Future Perfect Tense ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātus: to walk

  40. Future Perfect Tense ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātus: to walk

  41. Future Perfect Tense ambulō, ambulāre, ambulāvī, ambulātus: to walk

  42. Future Perfect of Sum, Esse • formed regularly • sum, esse, fuī, futūrus: to be

  43. Future Perfect of Sum, Esse • formed regularly • sum, esse, fuī, futūrus: to be

  44. Future Perfect of Sum, Esse • formed regularly • sum, esse, fuī, futūrus: to be

  45. Future Perfect of Sum, Esse • formed regularly • sum, esse, fuī, futūrus: to be

  46. Future Perfect of Sum, Esse • formed regularly • sum, esse, fuī, futūrus: to be

  47. Future Perfect of Sum, Esse • formed regularly • sum, esse, fuī, futūrus: to be