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The Cold War Unfolds Ch 15 Sec 1

The Cold War Unfolds Ch 15 Sec 1

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The Cold War Unfolds Ch 15 Sec 1

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  1. The Cold War UnfoldsCh 15 Sec 1 1

  2. Overview 2

  3. At the end of World War II… 3

  4. …the world was in ruins. 4

  5. People wanted peace… …and needed the world put back together again. 5

  6. But there were only two countries with the power to rebuild the world: The United States and The Soviet Union And, they were total opposites. 6

  7. The United States wanted the world to have democracy and capitalism, like itself. 7

  8. But the Soviet Union wanted neither democracy or capitalism… 8

  9. But the Soviet Union wanted neither democracy nor capitalism… …they wanted autocracy and communism. 9

  10. The competition became known as the “Cold War”… …and it split the industrialized world in two. 10

  11. For the next 30 years, the two clashed over… …China’s communist revolution… 11

  12. For the next 30 years, the two clashed over… …the creation of Hydrogen Bombs… 12

  13. For the next 30 years, the two clashed over… …the Korean War… 13

  14. For the next 30 years, the two clashed over… …the Cuban Missile Crisis… 14

  15. For the next 30 years, the two clashed over… …the exploration of space… 15

  16. For the next 30 years, the two clashed over… …the Vietnam War. 16

  17. QW • What does playing with an atomic bomb toy say about a culture? • 2 Min.

  18. The Cold War 1945-1990US vs Union of Soviet Socialist Republics 19

  19. Define Cold War • The strategic and political struggle that developed after WWII between the United States and it’s Western European allies and the Soviet Union and Eastern European allies • Democracy vs. Communism 20

  20. Don’t forget: You can copy-paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: Who were the cold war superpowers?

  21. The Cold War • Threat of the spread of Communism led to policy of containment • US declared to take what ever economic and military means necessary to stop the spread of communism 22

  22. Don’t forget: You can copy-paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: Policy to stop the spread of communism?

  23. NATO – North Atlantic Treaty Organization USA, France, Great Britain, West Germany CAPITALISM Warsaw Pact – pro Soviet countries – USSR, and all countries controlled by the USSR. COMMUNISM Two sides of Cold War 24

  24. North Atlantic Treaty Organization (1949) • United States • Belgium • Britain • Canada • Denmark • France • Iceland • Italy • Luxemburg • Netherlands • Norway • Portugal • 1952: Greece & Turkey • 1955: West Germany • 1983: Spain 25

  25. Don’t forget: You can copy-paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: Principle power of NATO?

  26. Warsaw Pact (1955) • U. S. S. R. • Albania • Bulgaria • Czechoslovakia • East Germany • Hungary • Poland • Rumania 27

  27. Don’t forget: You can copy-paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: Principle power of the Warsaw pact?

  28. NATO vs. Warsaw Pact 30

  29. Yalta Feb 1945 Big Three FDR Churchill Stalin Agreement to govern Germany jointly 31

  30. Don’t forget: You can copy-paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: Where did the big three meet to divide G...

  31. Divided Germany 33

  32. Divided Berlin 34

  33. Don’t forget: You can copy-paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: The big three divided Germany into ___ s...

  34. Iron Curtain – A term used by Winston Churchill to describe the separating of Those communist lands of East Europe from the West. 36

  35. The “Iron Curtain” Link From Stettin in the Balkans, to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent. Behind that line lies the ancient capitals of Central and Eastern Europe.-- Sir Winston Churchill, 1946 37

  36. Don’t forget: You can copy-paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: Who coined the term Iron Curtain?

  37. The Berlin Wall Goes Up (1961) CheckpointCharlie 39

  38. Berlin Wall • Berlin is Germany’s capital city. • The Soviets built the wall to keep communists from escaping to the American sector. 40

  39. Don’t forget: You can copy-paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: Who built the wall that divided Berlin?

  40. Berlin Wall Berlin Wall 42

  41. 43

  42. 44 Link Berlin wall interactive

  43. 45

  44. QW • What does it say about a country if you have to build a wall to keep your people IN? • 2 Min.

  45. Wall torn down in 1989. 47

  46. 1968 - Prague Spring On January 5, reformer Alexander Dubcek came to power, pledging reforms and democratization The Prague Spring movement swept across the country. Soviet and Warsaw Pact leaders sent 650,000 troops in August. 48

  47. “Prague Spring” Crushed! • Dubcek arrested and hard-liners restored to power. • Dissidents/playwrights arrested [like Vaclav Havel—future president of a free Czech Republic]. 49

  48. Don’t forget: You can copy-paste this slide into other presentations, and move or resize the poll. Poll: What happened to the Prague Spring?