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NOTABLE EARTHQUAKES IN THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

NOTABLE EARTHQUAKES IN THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

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NOTABLE EARTHQUAKES IN THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION

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  1. NOTABLE EARTHQUAKES IN THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION Dr. Walter Hays, Global Alliance For Disaster Reduction

  2. EARTHQUAKE DISASTERS IN THE MEDITERRANEAN REGION • THE SEISMICITY IN THE MEDITERRANEAN HAS BEEN DOCUMENTED FOR OVER 2000 YEARS • MANY IMPORTANT CITIES IN THE MIDDLE EAST HAVE BEEN DESTROYED BY EARTHQUAKES AND SOMETIMES TSUNAMIS

  3. EVENT 2150 BC CONSEQUENCES SODOM AND GOMORRAH DESTROYED 2150 BC EARTHQUAKE

  4. EVENT 525 BC COASTAL LEBANON CONSEQUENCES TYRE DESTROYED BY TSUNAMI 525 BC EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI

  5. EVENT 140 BC COASTAL LEBANON CONSEQUENCES TSUNAMI STRIKES TYRE 140 BC EARTHQUAKE

  6. EVENT 31 BC AT LEAST MAGNITUDE 7 JORDAN VALLEY CONSEQUENCES ONE OF THE LARGEST SHOCKS IN 2000 YEARS 31 BC EARTHQUAKE

  7. EVENT DECEMBER 3, 115 AD LEVANTINE COAST CONSEQUENCES ANTIOCH DEVASTATED DECEMBER 3M 115 AD EARTHQUAKE

  8. EVENT 306 AD LEVANTINE COAST CONSEQUENCES TSUNAMI 306 AD EARTHQUAKE

  9. EVENT 349 AD COASTAL LEBANON CONSEQUENCES MOST OF BEIRUT DESTROYED 349 AD EARTHQUAKE

  10. EVENT AUGUST 21-22, 502 AD COASTAL LEBANON CONSEQUENCES DAMAGE FROM TYRE TO ALEPPO AUGUST 21-22, 502 AD EARTHQUAKES

  11. EVENT JULY 6, 551 AD COASTAL LEBANON MAY BE LARGEST MAGNITUDE EVENT IN LEVANT CONSEQUENCES TOTAL DESTRUCTION OF BEIRUT AND A LARGE AREA TSUNAMI TECTONIC DEFORMATION JULY 6, 551 EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI

  12. EVENT JUNE 658 AD SYRIA-PALESTINE CONSEQUENCES DEVASTATION EVERYWHERE JUNE 658 AD EARTHQUAKE

  13. EVENT JANUARY 18, 746 AD M7.3 JORDAN VALLEY CONSEQUENCES HEAVY DAMAGE IN VALLEY TSUNAMI JANUARY 18, 746 AD EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI

  14. EVENT OCTOBER 881 AD LEVANTINE COAST CONSEQUENCES TSUNAMI AT ACRE OCTOBER 881 AD EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI

  15. EVENT MAY 1063 AD COASTAL LEBANON CONSEQUENCES ARQA DESTROYED AND ABANDONED MAY 1053 AD EARTHQUAKE

  16. EVENT AUGUST 15, 1157 MAGNITUDE 7 PLUS BEKAA VALLEY CONSEQUENCES DEAD SEA RIFT ZONE DAMASCUS DESTROYED AUGUST 15, 1157 EARTHQUAKE

  17. EVENT JUNE 29, 1170 AD MAGNITUDE 7 PLUS BEKAA VALLEY CONSEQUENCES DEAD SEA RIFT ZONE JUNE 29, 1170 EARTHQUAKE

  18. EVENT JUNE AND JULY, 1201 LEVANTIAN COAST CONSEQUENCES SEISMIC SWARM DESTRUCTION IN CYRPRUS, SYRIA, AND PALESTINE TSUNAMIS JUNE-JULY 1201 EARTHQUAKES AND TSUNAMIS

  19. EVENT MAY 20, 1202 MAGNITUDE 7.5 BEKAA VALLEY CONSEQUENCES DEAD SEA RIFT ZONE TRIPOLI, HOMS, AND BA’ALBEK DESTROYED MAY 20, 1202 EARTHQUAKE

  20. EVENT AUGUST 8, 1303 EGYPT CONSEQUENCES DAMAGE IN CAIRO AND ALEXANDRIA AUGUST 8, 1303 EARTHQUAKE

  21. EVENT DECEMBER 1403-JANUARY 1404 LEVANTINE COAST CONSEQUENCES TSUNAMI DECEMBER 1403 - JANUARY 1404 EARTHQUAKES AND TSUNAMIS

  22. EVENT SEPTEMBER 10, 1509 MARMARA SEA CONSEQUENCES ISTANBUL DESTROYED SEPTEMBER 19, 1509 EARTHQUAKES

  23. EVENT JULY 21, 1752 LEVANTINE COAST CONSEQUENCES TSUNAMIS JULY 21, 1752 EARTHQUAKE AND TSUNAMI

  24. EVENT NOVEMBER 25, 1759 MAGNITUDE 7.4 BEKAA VALLEY CONSEQUENCES DEAD SEA RIFT ZONE BEIRUT AND DAMASCUS DEVASTATED 30,000 DEAD NOVEMBER 25, 1759 BEKAA VALLEY EARTHQUAKE

  25. EVENT AUGUST 13, 1822 ALEPPO, SYRIA CONSEQUENCES 20,000 KILLED 17,000 HOUSES DESTROYED AUGUST 13, 1882 EARTHQUAKE

  26. EVENT JANUARY 1, 1837 TIBNIN, JORDAN CONSEQUENCES 4,000 KILLED JANUARY 1, 1837 EARTHQUAKE

  27. EVENT DECEMBER 12, 1856 JORDAN VALLEY CONSEQUENCES TIBERIAS DESTROYED TSUNAMIS DECEMBER 12, 1856 EARTHQUAKE

  28. EVENT JULY 11, 1927 MAGNITUDE 7.2 JORDAN VALLEY CONSEQUENCES JERUSALEM AND AMMAN DAMAGED 340 DEAD MANY HOUSES DAMAGED JULY 11, 1927 EARTHQUAKE

  29. EVENT DECEMBER 26, 1939 MAGNITUDE 8 MANY AFTERSHOCKS ERZINCAN-REFAHIYE, TURKEY CONSEQUENCES NORTH ANATOLIAN FAULT ZONE 43,000 KILLED 76,000 INJURED 200,000 HOUSES DESTROYED DECEMBER 26, 1939 ERZINCAN-REFAHIYE EARTHQUAKE

  30. EVENT MARCH 16, 1952 MAGNITUDE 6 COASTAL LEBANON, 50 KM SOUTH OF BEIRUT CONSEQUENCES 136 DEAD 6.000 HOUSES DESTROYED MARCH 6, 1952 EARTHQUAKE

  31. OCTOBER 10, 1980 EL ASNAM EARTHQUAQKE • EL ASNAM, ALGERIA EARTHQUAKE • OCTOBER 10, 1980 • 2,500 DEATHS • 300,000 HOMELESS • > $ 4 BILLION IN LOSSES (10 % OF ALGERIA’S GDP)

  32. EVENT NOVEMBER 23, 1980 MAGNITUDE 6.9 IRPINIA-BASILICATA, ITALY CONSEQUENCES 2,914 KILLED AND 10,000 INJURED 300,000 HOMELESS AND DISPLACED AN ESTIMATED $50 BILLION IN LOSSES NOVEMBER 23, 1980 IRPINIA, ITALY EARTHQUAKE

  33. EVENT DECEMBER 13, 1982 MAGNITUDE 6 DAHMAR, YEMEN CONSEQUENCES 15,000 KILLED OR INJURED 500,000 HOMELESS AND DISPLACED DECEMBER 13, 1982 DAHMAR EARTHQUAKE

  34. EVENT MARCH 13, 1992 MAGNITUDE 7.1 ERZINCAN, TURKEY CONSEQUENCES NORTH ANATOLIAN FAULT ZONE 653 DEAD 3,850 INJURED 50,000 HOMELESS MARCH 13, 1992 ERZINCAN EARTHQUAKE

  35. EVENT OCTOBER 12, 1992 MAGNITUDE 5.9 DAHSHOUR, EGYPT CONSEQUENCES 7,000 KILLED OR INJURED 1,000 SCHOOLS DAMAGED OCTOBER 12, 1992 DAHSHOUR EARTHQUAKE

  36. EVENT NOVEMBER 23, 1995 MAGNITUDE 7.5 GULF OF AQABA CONSEQUENCS DAMAGE TO BUILDNGS IN BORDER REGIONS OF JORDAN, EGYPT, ISRAEL, AND SAUDI ARABIA CONSIDERED A “WAKE UP CALL” NOVEMBER 23, 1995 GULF OF AQABA EVENT

  37. EVENT 3:02 AM AUGUST 17, 1999 MAGNITUDE 7.4 KOCAELI, TURKEY INDUSTRIAL HEARTLAND AND 12,500 SQUARE KM IMPACTED CONSEQUENCES NORTH ANATOLIAN FAULT ZONE 17,127 KILLED 43,953 INJURED 250,000 HOMELESS ECONOMIC LOSSES IN BILLIONS AUGUST 17, 1999 KOCAELI EARTHQUAKE

  38. KOCAELI EARTHQUAKE • INDUSTRIAL HEARTLAND DEVASTATED • OIL REFINERY • AUTO PLANT • 30,500 BUSINESSES AFFECTED • ECONOMIC LOSSES IN THE BILLIONS

  39. IMPACT AREA OF KOCAELI EARTHQUAKE

  40. EVENT 6:57 PM NOVEMBER 12, 1999 MAGNITUDE 7.2 DUZCE, TURKEY, 185 KM EAST OF ISTANBUL CONSEQUENCES NORTH ANATOLIAN FAULT ZONE 500 DEAD 3,000 INJURED TRANS-EUROPEAN MOTORWAY DAMAGED NOVEMBER 12, 1999 DUZCE EARTHQUAKE

  41. EVENT 7:45 PM MAY 21, 2003 MAGNITUDE 6.8 BOUMERDES PROVINCE, ALGERIA, 60 KM FROM ALGIERS CONSEQUENCES AFRICA-EURASIA PLATE COLLISION; ZEMMOURI FAULT 2,266 DEAD; 10,261 INJURED 1,241 BUILDINGS DAMAGED ; 150,000 HOMELESS MAY 21, 2003 BOUMERDES, ALGERIA EARTHQUAKE

  42. BOUMERDES EARTHQUAKE

  43. BOUMERDES EARTHQUAKE

  44. EVENT 3:30 AM APRIL 6, 2009 MAGNITUDE 6.3 L’AQUILLA, ITALY, 70 KM FROM ROME CONSEQUENCES NORMAL FAULT SYSTEM 300 DEAD AN ESTIMATED 11,000 BUILDINGS DAMAGED APRIL 6, 2009 L’AQUILLA (ABRUZZO) EARTHQUAKE

  45. LOCATION MAP

  46. DAMAGE IN VILLAGE OF ONNA