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Burns PowerPoint Presentation

Burns

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Burns

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  1. Kathy Sheriff, RN, BSN Burns

  2. Definition • Tissue damage caused by intense heat, electricity, radiation, or certain chemicals, all of which denature cell proteins and cause cell death in the affected areas

  3. Severe Burns • Life threatening • Extreme loss of body fluids • Proteins and electrolyte imbalance • 1000s of extra calories needed • IV or gastric tube feeding • Kidneys shutdown • Circulatory shock • Infection Risk/ Sepsis

  4. Immediate Treatment • Replace lost body fluids • IV STAT

  5. Burn Charts for BSA • Rule of Nines for adults and Lund- Browder for children • Burns are critical • >25% 2nd degree burns • >10% 3rd degree burns • 3rd degree burns of the face, hands, or feet

  6. First Degree Burns • Epidermis • Localized redness, swelling, and pain • Heals in a few days • Sunburn

  7. Second Degree • Partial thickness • Epidermis and upper region of dermis • Symptoms of first degree plus blisters/bullae • Repair in 3 to 4 weeks as long as infection is prevented

  8. Third Degree • Full-thickness • Entire area of skin involved • Gray-white, cherry red, or blackened • No pain • Initially little or no edema • Skin grafting • Debridement of eschar • Extensive scarring

  9. Resources • http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/injuries_poisoning/burns/burns.html#v1112906 • http://www.nlm.nih.gov/medlineplus/ency/imagepages/19575.htm • http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/medical/IM04388