PENALTY ENFORCEMENT & THE BASIC SPOT
ASSIST IN PENALTY ENFORCEMENT • Too many times the crew leaves this completely to the Referee, which is not correct, it is a crew responsibility. The calling official should briefly discuss penalty enforcement with the Referee, with the Umpire listening in, and make sure the penalty is correctly enforced. The Linesman moves together with the Umpire while he enforces the penalty, and either the Line Judge or Back Judge remains at the enforcement spot until the Umpire has measured it off, and then double checks the distance. This should ensure correct enforcement of all penalties.
LET COACHES MAKE DECISIONS FOR PENALTIES Referee’s if you are still giving penalty options to the captains – STOP!!!! When the decision to accept or decline a penalty is obvious, there is no need to present the options, JUST DO IT!!!! When you feel that the coach needs to make a decision for a penalty, look to the sideline and tell the coach what you have, and let him make the decision. Wing men be sure to communicate the options to the coach if he does not know what they are. Be sure the coach gets the decision he wants, even if he changes his mind due to his lack of understanding or miscommunication. Referee & Umpire go over this in your pre-game conference with the coach.
Types of Play A Loose-Ball Play is action during • Free kick • Scrimmage kick • A legal forward pass • From in or behind the Neutral Zone (prior to Change of Possession) • A backward pass (including the snap) • Illegal kick • Fumble by A • Runs which precede such • Legal kick • Illegal kick • Legal forward pass • Backward pass • Fumble A Running Play is: • Any action not included above
KNOW THE STATUS OF THE FOOTBALL WHEN YOU THROW THE FLAG
Basic Spots [10-4-1] The basic spot is determined by the action that occurs during the down. The basic spot for penalty administration could be…. • The previous spot • Where the kick ends • Where the related run ends • The succeeding spot
Previous Spot [10-4-2] The basic spot is the previous spot for: • A foul which occurs simultaneous with the snap. • A foul which occurs simultaneous with a free kick. • A foul which occurs during a loose ball play. • See [10-5-5] for special enforcement on roughing the passer • The enforcement spot is where the ball becomes dead in A’s possession for roughing the passer when the play ends beyond the neutral zone and there has been no change of team possession. • If there was a change of possession during the play, the enforcement spot is the previous spot.
Where The Kick Ends [10-4-3] The basic spot is the spot where the kick ends, when R commits a post scrimmage kick foul: • During scrimmage kick plays, other than a try. • During a scrimmage kick play in which the ball crosses the expanded neutral zone. • Beyond the expanded neutral zone. • Before the end of the kick. • K does not have possession of the ball when the down ends. R fouls behind the post-scrimmage kick spot are spot fouls.
Where The Related Run Ends [10-4-4] The basic spot is the spot where the related run ends for a foul which occurs during a running play. The end of the run is: • Where the ball becomes dead in the runner’s possession. • Where the runner loses possession if his run is followed by a loose ball. • The spot of the catch when the momentum rule is in effect.
Succeeding Spot [10-4-5] The basic spot is the succeeding spot: • For an unsportsmanlike foul. • For a dead-ball foul. • For a non-player foul. • When the final result of the play is a touchback.
ALL FOULS BY THE DEFENSE THAT OCCUR DURING: 1) A TOUCHDOWN BY THE OFFENSE 2) THE DEAD BALL PERIOD BETWEEN THE TOUCHDOWN & THE TRY 3) THE TRY 4) THE DEAD BALL PERIOD BETWEEN THE TRY AND SUCCEEDING SPOT 5) FIELD GOALS ARE ALWAYS PENALIZED. THE ONLY QUESTION IS WHERE IT WILL BE PENALIZED FROM.
PUT SIMPLY: IF THE OFFENSE SCORES ON A PLAY WHERE THE DEFENSE HAS FOULED, IT’S NOT A MATTER OF IF YARDAGE WILL BE ASSESSED, IT IS WHERE WILL THE YARDAGE BE ASSESSED! FOULS BY THE OFFENSE THAT OCCUR PRIOR TO A CHANGE OF POSSESSION WHERE THE DEFENSE SCORES A TOUCHDOWN MUST BE DECLINED FOR THE TOUCHDOWN TO STAND.