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Failure Mode and Effect Analysis

Failure Mode and Effect Analysis. Jackie Harris, Josh Agusti , and Natasha Sommer. Objectives. What is FMEA? Why is an FMEA important? History of FMEA Benefits of FMEA Limitations of FMEA How to conduct an FMEA?. Who is in Attendance?. Anyone conducted an FMEA before?

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Failure Mode and Effect Analysis

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  1. Failure Mode and Effect Analysis Jackie Harris, Josh Agusti, and Natasha Sommer

  2. Objectives • What is FMEA? • Why is an FMEA important? • History of FMEA • Benefits of FMEA • Limitations of FMEA • How to conduct an FMEA?

  3. Who is in Attendance? • Anyone conducted an FMEA before? • Anyone completed a Risk Analysis Procedure?

  4. What is FMEA? Failure Mode and Effect Analysis • A systemized group of activities designed to: ▪ recognize and evaluate the potential failure of a product/process and its effects ▪ identify actions which could eliminate or reduce the chance of potential failure ▪ document the process

  5. Failure Mode and Effect Analysis • Simply put FMEA is: a process that identifies all the possible types of failures that could happen to a product and potential consequences of those failures.

  6. FMEA Terms • Failure mode - the way in which something might fail • Effects analysis – studying the consequences of the various failure modes to determine their severity to the customer.

  7. Why do an FMEA? • Preventing problems is cheaper and easier than cleaning them up. • Some things are too risky or costly to incur mistakes.

  8. The Reasons for FMEA • Get it right the first time • Indentifies any inadequacies in the development of the product • Tests and trials may be limited to a few products • Regulatory reasons • Continuous improvement • Preventive approach • Team building • Required procedures

  9. FMEA Provides the Potential to: • Reduce the likelihood of customer complaints • Reduce the likelihood of campaign changes • Reduce maintenance and warranty costs • Reduce the possibility of safety failures • Reduce the possibility of extended life or reliability failures • Reduce the likelihood of product liability claims

  10. Benefits • Identify potential and known failures • Reduce the number of engineering changes • Reduce product development time • Lower start-up costs • Greater customer satisfaction • Increased cooperation and teamwork between various functions • Continuous improvement

  11. History • An offshoot of Military Procedure MIL-P-1629, titled Procedures for Performing a Failure Mode, Effects and Criticality Analysis, dated November 9, 1949. • Used as a reliability evaluation technique to determine the effect of system and equipment failures. • Failures were classified according to their impact on mission success and personnel/equipment safety. • Formally developed and applied by NASA in the 1960’s to improve and verify reliability of space program hardware.

  12. Concept FMEA • Used to analyze concepts in the early stages before hardware is defined (most often at system and subsystem) • Focuses on potential failure modes associated with the proposed functions of a concept proposal • Includes the interaction of multiple systems and interaction between the elements of a system at the concept stages.

  13. Design FMEA • Aid in the objective evaluation of design requirements and design alternatives • Aid in the initial design for manufacturing and assembly • Increase the probability that potential failure modes have been considered • Provide additional information to aid in the planning of efficient design testing

  14. Process FMEA • Indentify potential product related process failure modes • Assess the potential customer effects of the failures • Indentify the potential manufacturing causes on which to focus on • Develop a ranked list of potential failure modes • Document the results of the manufacturing

  15. Types of FMEA

  16. Resources Needed • Commitment of top management • Knowledgeable individuals • Individuals attentive to FMEA timelines • People resources may be internal or external to the business or a combination of both

  17. FMEA Timing • FMEA should be updated: ▪at the conceptual stage ▪when changes are made to the design ▪when new regulations are instituted ▪when customer feedback indicates a problem

  18. Advantages • Enhance design and manufacturing efficiencies • Alleviate late change crises • Minimize exposure to product failures • Augment business records • Improve “bottom line” results • Add to customer satisfaction

  19. Limitations • Employee training requirements • Initial impact on product and manufacturing schedules • Financial impact required to upgrade design, manufacturing, and process equipment and tools ▪These limitations should be recognized and treated as short term and minimal interruptions to a business.

  20. Risk Assessment Factors Severity (S): A number from 1 to 5, depending on the severity of the potential failure mode’s effect 1 = no effect 5 = maximum severity Probability of occurrence (O): A number from 1 to 5, depending on the likelihood of the failure mode’s occurrence 1 = very unlikely to occur 5 = almost certain to occur

  21. Risk Assessment Factors Probability of detection (D): A number from 1 to 5, depending on how unlikely it is that the fault will be detected by the system responsible (design control process, quality testing, etc.) 1 = nearly certain detention 5 = impossible to detect Risk Priority Number (RPN): The failure mode’s risk is found by the formula RPN = S x O x D. RPN = Severity x Probability of Occurrence x Probability of Detection. RPN will be a number between 1 (virtually no risk) and 125 (extreme risk).

  22. Risk Priority Number

  23. Procedures for FMEA

  24. Procedures for FMEA

  25. Procedures for FMEA

  26. Procedures for FMEA

  27. Procedures for FMEA

  28. Procedures for FMEA

  29. Procedures for FMEA

  30. Procedures for FMEA

  31. Procedures for FMEA

  32. Conduct an FMEA • Conduct a process FMEA on a paper airplane • Build a paper airplane • Conduct a design FMEA on your paper airplane • Paper Airplane Competition

  33. Conclusion • What is FMEA? • Why is an FMEA important? • History of FMEA • Benefits of FMEA • Limitations of FMEA • How to conduct an FMEA?

  34. References • Lean Six Sigma - http://www.leansixsigma.com/ • Stunell Technology - http://www.stunell.com/images/fmea.jpg

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