Chapter Ten Quotation Marks English Brushup, 3EJohn Langan
Quotation Marks (“ ”) There are two main uses of quotation marks: 1. To set off the EXACT words of a speaker or writer. 2. To set off the titles of short works.
Quotation Marks (“ ”) Use quotation marks to show the exact words of a speaker or writer. NOT NEEDED Jennifer said that she enjoyed shopping for clothes. NEEDED Jennifer said, “I enjoy shopping forclothes.”
Using Punctuationwith Quotation Marks (“ ”) • A comma sets off the quoted part from the rest of the sentence. • Periods at the end of the quote goINSIDEthe quotation marks. • Commas that come at the end of a quoted section go inside the quotation marks. • EXAMPLE: “If the mall opens at nine,” David said, “we can eat breakfast there.” • EXAMPLE: Ryan explained, “The skis are on sale until tomorrow.”
Capitalization • EXAMPLE:Martha explained, “The flower shop is my favorite store to visit.” • Every quotation begins with a capital letter. • EXAMPLE: “Bands play music every Wednesday night,” Jason said, “especially in the new coffee shop.” • When a quotation is split, the second part does not begin with a capital letter unless it is another complete sentence.
Titles • The second main use of quotation marks is with titles of short works. • With titles of major works we useitalics. • If a font with italics is not available, the titles of long works areunderlined.
Titles • Use quotation marks to set off the titles of articles, short stories, poems, and songs. • Long works such as novels, magazine titles, and movies are either in italics or they areunderlined. • Example: The bookstore sells Teen Fad magazine which has the article “Why Tattoos Attract Men.” • To set off special words or phrases from the rest of a sentence. Rob’s “nutritious lunch” consisted of a candy bar and a bag of corn chips. • To mark a quote within a quote. For this purpose, use single quotes. Jamie said, “My favorite short story is ‘Twirling’ by Carolyn Murphy.”