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Wales. Автор проекта: Хализова Екатерина, 6 класс. школы при Посольстве России в Австрии. Руководитель проекта: Карпакова З.С. I want to tell you about Wales.
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Wales Автор проекта: Хализова Екатерина, 6 класс школы при Посольстве России в Австрии Руководитель проекта: Карпакова З.С.
Wales is a country, one of the four main administrative and political parts of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. In the past it was a conglomerate of independent Celtic kingdoms. Wales is located in the south-west Britain, on the east at the border of the English counties of Cheshire, Shropshire, Herefordshire and Gloucestershire. It is surrounded by the sea in the south by the Bristol Channel, in the south-west – by the St George Strait, in the north and west – by the Irish Sea, in the north-east – by the mouth of the River Dee.
The Welsh language belongs to the family of Celtic languages and is very closely related to Breton and Cornish. This is one of the oldest languages in Europe, it dates back to the 6th BC. The Welsh language as an official language was prohibited in 1535. It became the national language only in 1965. Now there are some TV and radio programmes in Welsh. The Welsh are very proud of their national language. Welsh is a phonetic language. The Welsh sound every letter. There are 28 letters in the Welsh alphabet. There is no indefinite article in Welsh. All nouns are masculine and feminine. Plurals of nouns are formed by adding an ending. Mostly used ending is “au”, e.g. cae (field) – caeau (fields). It is better to learn plurals for every word. All numbers in Welsh are followed by singular nouns. The Welsh often use letters “ll”, “f”, “ff”, “w”. - There is a railway station in Anglesey, which has 58 letters in its name: Llanfairpwllgwyngyllgogerychwyrndrobwllllantysiliogogogoch. The name means: “The church of St. Mary in a wood of hazel trees near a rapid whirlpool and near St. Tysilio’s cave not far from a red cave”.
Capital Cardiff (WALL. Caerdydd) - the largest city and capital of Wales.Is a unitary administrative unit with the status of the city (English city), which was received in 1905 due to the rapid growth of industry in the region, and the use of Cardiff as a major port for shipping coal from Wales. In 1955 the city was declared as the capital of Wales. Cardiff is located in the South Wales and borders lands of Newport, Caerphilly in the east, areas Ronta koinonia Tav on the north and the Valley of Glamorgan in the south.
Another thriving city is Swansea, an old industrial centre that has been transformed into a lively modern city. Overlooking a curving sandy bay, it has a stylish Marina and Maritime Quarter which is home of the excellent Maritime and Industrial Museum. It was a native town of poet Dylan Thomas. Swansea has become a leading art centre and holds an acclaimed Festival of Music every autumn.
The popular image of Welsh "national" costume is a woman in a red cloak and a high black hat. It appeared in the 19th century under the influence of various causes, among them the desire to support Welsh culture at the time when traditional values were under threat. The costume, which is considered national is based on rural women's attire of the 19th century: a striped flannel petticoat, which was worn with a decollete jacket, an apron, a shawl and a kerchief or a cap. The jackets are varied - there are spacious jackets, with a bodice and a long skirt, and short, very similar to a riding-coat.
There are a lot of dishes of lamb in the national cuisine of Wales. Well, Wales is a traditional vegetables kingdom... Bow! Imagine an enormous, enormous green onion almost a meter in length!
Legend of Wales According to the legend once in the sixth century a hill grew from the earth under the feet of St. David to let people see and hear him better. There are also a mountain with five hollows, which, according to another legend, appeared as a result of using it as a general pillow by five saints.
Interesting facts about Wales A flag of Wales is an image of red dragon on a white and green background. In the Middle Ages white and green colors were also associated with Wales. David Welch is considered to be the saint patron of Wales. March 1, is the day of Saint David, celebrated all over Wales. There are also four traditional seasonal festivals and Welsh New Year in Wales.
Castle Konway Сastle Pembroke Castle Cardiff Castles of Wales Castle Powys Castle Caernarfon
Cardiff castle is a medieval castle and Victorian architecture Gothic revival mansion, transformed from a Norman keep erected over a Roman fort in the Castle Quarter of Cardiff, the capital of Wales.
Conway castle is a castle in Conway on the north coast of Wales. It was built between 1283 and 1289 during King Edward I second campaign in North Wales.
Pembroke Castle is a medieval castle in the West Wales, standing beside the river Cheddar, it underwent major restoration work in the early 20th century. The castle was an original seat of the Earldom of Pembroke. In 1093 Roger Montgomery built the fist castle at the site when he fortified the promontory during the Norman invasion of Wales. A century later this castle was given to William Marshal by Richard I.W.Marshal, who became one of the most powerful men in the12th century Britain, rebuilt Pembroke in stone creating most of the structure that remains today. .
Powys Castle is a medieval castle, fortress and grand country mansion located near the town of Welshpool in Powys, Mid Wales. It was the residence of the Earl of the Powys. The castle is known for its extensive, very attractive formal gardens, terraces, parkland, a deer park and an impressive estate. Queen Victoria visited the castle during her tour across England and Wales in 1832.
Caernarfon Castle is a medieval bulding in Gwynedd in North-West Wales. There was a motte-and-bailey castle in the town of Caernarfon from the late 11 th century until 1283 when the king Edward I of England began replacing it with the current stone structure.
Wales is a real wonderland! I advise you to visit it!