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The New Era: The Roaring 20’s. Economic Boom. New or Improved Technologies Auto industry Frederick Taylor Ford and GM. Economic Boom. The invention of the Radio Mass production Buying on time. Economic boom . Commercial Aviation Wright Brothers Charles Lindbergh. Lucky Lindy.
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Economic Boom New or Improved Technologies Auto industry Frederick Taylor Ford and GM
Economic Boom The invention of the Radio Mass production Buying on time
Economic boom Commercial Aviation Wright Brothers Charles Lindbergh
Economic boom Early computers Genetic research Gregor Mendel Thomas Hunt Morgan
Plight of the Workers Henry Ford “welfare capitalism” Unionization in the 1920’s The “American Plan” Working women and minorities “pink-collar” jobs minorities and unions Philip Randolph’s Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters
Plight of the Workers (con’t) Farmers Increased technology Supply & demand McNary-Haugan Bill
New Consumerism Mass production Advertising Bruce Barton Mass communication Mass circulation magazines Movies “Talkies” are introduced The Jazz Singer
Radio broadcasting Radio KDKA National Broadcasting Co.
The New Professional Woman John B. Watson Margaret Sanger National women’s party Alice Paul ERA Sheppard-Towner Act
Arts and Literature “Debunkers” H.L. Mercken Sinclair Lewis F. Scott Fitzgerald Earnest Hemingway Harlem Renaissance Langston Hughes “Duke” Ellington Billie Holiday Bessie Smith The Jazz Age Flappers
Harlem Renaissance • Literary movement • “problem of being black in a white culture” • Social movement • Marcus Garvey • United Negro Improvement Association • Back to Africa movement • Mail fraud—deportment
Traditional values vs. Modern culture Prohibition Ushering in the Gangster Era Johnny Torrio Al Capone “Public Enemy #1” “Big Bill Thompson” "We'll not only reopen places these people have closed, but we'll open 10,000 new ones (speakeasies). 1927 in Chicago St. Valentine’s Day Massacre (1929)
Take Five…for Pat Points… What conflicts emerged between those with traditional values and those with new modern values? Give 3 examples.
Nativism New immigration restrictions Quota system The National Origins Act of 1924 Nativism Rebirth of the KKK Leo Frank D.W. Griffith The Birth of a Nation
Religious Modernists vs. Fundamentalists Creation vs. Evolution Scopes “Monkey” Trial
The Great “Bull” Market • Wild speculation in the Stock market • Buying stocks “on-margin” • Wildcats schemes • Selling under-water lots in Florida devastated by hurricanes and advertised as “soothing tropical winds” • Secretary of the Treasury-Mellon • Reduced the national debt by $10 million • “Spare the rich” policies • High taxes discouraged business • Eliminating the excess-profits taxes, gift taxes, and income taxes for the rich
Democratic Party Al Smith William McAdoo John Davis
Presidency in the New Era Warren G. Harding (1921-1923) Ohio Gang Scandal in the White House Teapot Dome & Elk Hills Calvin Coolidge (1923-1929) World War I debt Herbert Hoover