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Seven Wonders of the Ancient World PowerPoint Presentation
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Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

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Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

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    1. Seven Wonders of the Ancient World Helja Vallikivi Mustame College Form: 8 - 9

    2. Seven Wonders Although most people know that a list exists of the Seven Wonders, only a few can name them. The list of them was originally compiled around the second century BC.The first reference to the idea is found in HISTORY of Herodotus as long as the 5th century BC. Decades later, Greek historians wrote about the greatest monuments at the time. The final list of the Seven Wonders was compiled during the Middle Ages. Today, archaeological evidence reveals some of the mysteries that surrounded the history of theWonders for centuries.

    3. The Pyramid of Giza

    4. The Pyramid of Giza It is the oldest, yet it is the only surviving of the Seven Ancient Wonders The monument was built by the Egyption pharaoh KHUFU around the year 2560 BC to serve as a tomb when he dies The structure consists of approximately 2 million blocks of stone, each weighing more than two tons The great pyramid is believed to have been built over a 20 year period

    5. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon

    6. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon They located on the east bank of the River Euphrates in Iraq The gardens are called hanging because they grew high in the air on built up terraces King Nebuchadnezzar II (6604-562 BC) built them to please his queen They consisted of arched vaults which are located on checkered cube-like foundations

    7. The Statue of Zeus at Olympia

    8. The Statue of Zeus at Olympia This is the statue of the god inwhose honour the Ancient Olympic games were held It was built around 450 BC It was struck by earthquake, landslides and floods, it was damaged by fire in the fifth century AD It was destroyed by a severe fire in 462 AD

    9. The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus

    10. The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus It was the most beautiful structure on earth It was built in honour of the Greek goddess of hunting, wild nature and fertility Its foundation dates back to the seventh century BC It housed many works of art, including 4 ancient bronze statues In 401 AD the temple was torn down

    11. The Mausoleum of Halicarnassus

    12. The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus Mausolus, the King of a part of Minor Asia (reigned fron 377-353 BC) The tomb was built for him and completed around 350 BC There were tens of life-size and even over life-size statues of people, lions, horses and other animals It remained standing there for over 1,500 y.

    13. The Colossus of Rhodes

    14. The Colossus of Rhodes It was rather a symbol of unity of the people wgo inhabited on the island of Rhodes in Greece Yhis enormous statue of their sun god Helios was finished in 282 BC It stood at the harbour entrance It was broken by a strong earthquake at about 226 BC

    15. The Lighthouse of Alexandria

    16. The Lighthouse of Alexandria It is the only one which had a practical use For sailors it ensured a safe return to the Great harbour It was built about 280 BC It was a stone tower about 400 feet high (117 m) It was the last of the seven Wonders to disappear (1323 or even later)

    17. Revision Name all the seven Wonders Which of them is still standing? Why are the Babylon gardens called hanging= Which of them had a practical use? Which was the tallest building on Earth? What do you know about the Mausoleum of Halicarnassus?

    18. Revision (cont.) Do you know any theories concerning the building of the pyramid Giza? How are the statue Zeus and the Ancient Olympic games connected? The Colossus of Rhodes was not only a gigantic statue: what kind of symbol was it? What do the Seven Wonders reflect for us?