THE SEVEN WONDERS OF THE ANCIENT WORLD Submitted by; Gayudan, Mhie Seg-ed, Maribel Alama, Gawina Ebro, Chielito Sadcopon, Redan Submitted to; Mrs. Clyde Senti
Objectives • To identify the different wonders of the ancient period. • To give a description on the history of these wonders. • To determine which of these wonders remain up to these days.
THE SEVEN WONDERS OF THE ANCIENT WORLD 1. Great Pyramid Of Giza It is the one and only wonders which does not require a description by early historians and poets. It is the one and only Wonder that does not need speculations concerning its appearance, size, and shape. It is the oldest, yet it is the only surviving of the Seven Wonders .It is the Great Pyramid of Giza.
Location of the Pyramid of Giza At the city of Giza, a necropolis of ancient Memphis, and today part of greater Cairo, Egypt.
THE SEVEN WONDERS OF THE ANCIENT WORLD 2. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon Fruits and flowers….waterfalls…gardens hanging from the palace terraces…exotic animals. This is the picture of the hanging gardens of Babylon in most people’s minds. It may be surprising to know that they might have never existed except in the minds of Greek poets and historians.
Location of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon On the east bank of the river Euphrates, about 50 km south of Baghdad, Iraq.
THE SEVEN WONDERS OF THE ANCIENT WORLD 3. Statue of Zeus at Olympia This is the statue of the God in whose honor the ancient Olympic games were held. It was the land that gave its very name to the Olympics. At the time of the games, wars stopped, and athletes came from Asia Minor, Syria, Egypt and Sicily to celebrate the Olympics and to worship their king of gods: Zeus.
Location of the Statue of Zeus At the ancient town of Olympia, on the west coast of modern Greece, about 150 km west of Athens.
THE SEVEN WONDERS OF THE ANCIENT WORLD 4. The Temple of Artemis at Ephesus Is it simply a temple? For the people who actually visited it, the answer was simple. It was not just a temple…it was the most beautiful structure on earth…it was built in honor of the greek goddess of hunting, wild, nature and fertility.
Location of the Temple of Artemis The ancient city of Ephesus near the modern town of Selcuk, about 50 km south of Izmir(Smyrna) in Turkey.
THE SEVEN WONDERS OF THE ANCIENT WORLD 5. The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus Similar to the great pyramid, we are now visiting the burial place of an ancient king. Yet the mausoleum is different- so different from the pyramid that it earned its reputation-and a spot within the list- for other reasons. Geographically, it is closer to the Temple of Artimes…. And it was the beauty of the tomb rather than its size that fascinated its visitors for years.
Location of the Mausoleum at Halicarnassus In the city of Bodrum on the Aegean Sea, in southwest Turkey.
THE SEVEN WONDERS OF THE ANCIENT WORLD 6. The Colossus of Rhodes From its building to its destruction lies a time span of merely 56 years. Yet the Colossus earned a place in the famous list of Wonders. “But even lying on the ground, it is a marvel”, said Pliny the Elder. The Colossus of Rhodes was not only a gigantic statue. It was rather a symbol of unity of the people who inhabited that beautiful Mediterranean island—Rhodes.
Location of the Colossus of Rhodes At the entrance of the harbor of the Mediterranean island of Rhodes in Greece.
LocationTHE SEVEN WONDERS OF THE ANCIENT WORLD 7. The Lighthouse of Alexandria Of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, only one had a practical use in addition to its architectural elegance. For sailors, it ensured a safe return to the Great Harbor. For architects, it was the tallest building on earth. And for scientists, it was the mysterious mirror that fascinated them most…the mirror which reflection could be seen more than 50 km (35 miles) offshore.
Location of the Lighthouse of Alexandria On the ancient island of Pharos, now a promontory within the city of Alexandria in Egypt.
Definition of Terms • Pyramid- a solid figure which faces are triangles with a common vertex • Hanging Gardens- a garden which is supported by walls • Statue- a dimensional representation of a person or animal
Definition of Terms • Zeus- thee supreme god of Latin people • Temple- a dwelling place, a building for worshipping • Ephesus- an ancient seaport, now ruins of Ionia, site of the famous temple of Artemis
Definition of Terms • Lighthouse- a tall permanent structure equipped with a usually revolving light • Giza- an Egyptian town in the Nile, near which stands the Sphinx and a group of pyramids including the biggest
Definition of Terms • Promontory- a point of a land that juts out into the sea • Ancient- very old, belonging to the distant past • Mausoleum- a large and elaborated tomb, or a building housing tombs
References • Microsoft Encarta 2003 • http://www.cdc.gov/ncidod/dbmd/wondersinfo/wondersofwrld_t.html • http://ce.eng.usf.edu/pharos/wonders/gardens • http://unmuseum.mus.pa.us/pharos.htmz • www.7wndrsofwrld.com • The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World edited by Peter Clayton and Martin Price