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Financing and Governing America’s Schools PowerPoint Presentation
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Financing and Governing America’s Schools

Financing and Governing America’s Schools

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Financing and Governing America’s Schools

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  1. 10 Financing and Governing America’s Schools

  2. 100% 90 80 70 Percentage of students in school who are black or Latino 60 50 40 30 20 10 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 Percentage of schools with majority in poverty SCHOOL SEGREGATION AND POVERTY 107 Chapter 10, p. 361

  3. THE PUBLIC EDUCATION DOLLAR: WHERE THE MONEY COMES FROM 108 Source: Digest of Education Statistics, National Center for Educational Statistics Common Core Data, “National Public Education Financial Survey,” U.S. Department of Education, 2000-01. Figure 10.1,Chapter 10, p. 361

  4. THE PUBLIC EDUCATION DOLLAR: WHERE THE MONEY GOES 109 Source: Digest of Education Statistics, National Center for Educational Statistics Common Core Data, “National Public Education Financial Survey,” U.S. Department of Education, 2000-01. Figure 10.2,Chapter 10, p. 361

  5. DOES MONEY MATTER? 110 • Horatio Alger myth • Genetics • Culture of Local Control • Poverty • Flawed Studies • Previous Funding Increases Have Not Resulted in Achievement Gains Chapter 10, p. 364

  6. 75 70 61% 60% 65 60 50% 55 50 45 40 32% 35 26% 30 24% 25 20 15 8% 6% 5% 10 5 0 Federal State Local Too much About the right amount Too little PUBLIC OPINION ON EDUCATION SPENDING 111 Source: National Education Association, Voter Commitment to Public Education, 2002, www.nca.org Chapter 10, p. 369

  7. ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS IMPACT THE CONDITION OF SCHOOLS 112 • VENTILATION • HEATING • INDOOR AIR QUALITY • ACOUSTICS OR NOISE CONTROL • PHYSICAL BUILDING SECURITY • LIGHTING CONDITIONS Source: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Educational Statistics, Fast Response Survey System, Survey on the Condition of Public School Facilities, 1999. Chapter 10, p. 369

  8. STRUCTURE OF A TYPICAL STATE SCHOOL SYSTEM 113 Figure 10.5,Chapter 10, p. 374

  9. WHO CONTROLS WHAT? 114 • State Governments • Levy taxes • License teachers and other educators • Set standards for school attendance, safety, etc. • Outline minimum curricular and graduation standards (sometimes including specific textbooks to be used and competency tests for student graduation and teacher certification) • Regulate the nature and size of local school districts Chapter 10, p. 374

  10. (Continued) WHO CONTROLS WHAT? 115 • Local School Districts • Implement state regulations and policies • Create and implement local policies and practices for effective school administration • Hire school personnel • Provide needed funds and build appropriate facilities • Fix salaries and working conditions • Translate community needs into educational practice • Initiate additional curriculum, licensing, or other requirements beyond state requirements • Create current and long-range plans for the school district Chapter 10, p. 379

  11. ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOL PRINCIPALS 116 Source: National Association of Elementary School Principals, Educational Research Service (2000-2001). Figure 10.6, Chapter 10, p. 380

  12. Q: What is your level of authority in selecting teachers for your school? Q: Over what percent of your school’s budget do you have decision- making authority? Have primary authority 45% Share authority with others in school <25% 67% 22% No 28% Share authority with central office 25 to 49% 11% Yes 72% 29% 50 to 75% 7% Have little or no authority 76 to 100% 15% 4% Q: Is the authority to run your school in balance with the degree to which the school board and central administration hold you responsible when things go wrong? ELEMENTARY PRINCIPALS AND POWER 117 Source: National Association of Elementary School Principals, Educational Research Service (2000-2001). Chapter 10, p. 380

  13. Average salary $69,407 Elementary Middle School High school $73,877 $79,839 WHAT PRINCIPALS EARN 118 Source: National Association of Elementary School Principals, Educational Research Service (2000-2001). Chapter 10, p. 380