Federal Government Help In The Civil Rights Movement
Civil Rights Act of 1957 • Established Fed. Commission on Civil Rights • Established Division in the Justice Dept. to enforce Civil Rights • Enlarged Fed. Power to protect voting rights
Civil Rights Acts of 1964 • Banned discrimination in most employment and in public accommodations • Enlarged federal power to protect voting rights and speed up school desegregation • Established Equal Employment Opportunity Commission to ensure fair treatment in employment
Voting Rights Act of 1965 • Eliminated voter literacy tests • Enabled federal examiners to register voters
Civil Rights Act of 1968 • Prohibited discrimination in the sale or rental of most housing • Strengthened anti-lynching laws
Assassination of MLK • April 4, 1968 – MLK stepped onto a balcony and was shot • Many called for immediate peace • Worst urban rioting in US history
Kennedy Brothers • June 11, 1963 – JFK used fed troops to force Alabama gov. to honor a court order on desegregating U of Alabama • JFK demanded sweeping civil rights bill • Robert Kennedy – after MLK assassination, spoke in African American neighborhood made a plea for non-violence • Robert – made Eulogy for MLK
Robert Kennedy’s Eulogy For those of you who are black – considering the evidence… that there were white people who were responsible – you can be filled with bitterness, with hatred, and a desire for revenge. We can move in that direction as a country, in great polarization – black people amongst black, white people amongst white, filled with hatred toward one another. Or we can make an effort, as MLK did, to understand and comprehend , and to replace that violence, that stain of bloodshed that has spread across our land, with an effort to understand with compassion and love.