Objective • SWBAT describe the religious practices of the Mayans.
Beliefs • The Maya were _____theistic • The Maya believed in more than 160 gods • Primary gods were forces of nature • Examples: • The __________ was an important animal in the Mayan religion poly sun god, rain god, corn god, god of death jaguar
Chocolate God • Yes, the Mayans even prayed to the chocolate god!
The Maya believed that gods had created the world and could influence or destroy it. • The Maya believed they could please the gods with a gift of human blood. Sacrifices • See video clip on YouTube
Pok-a-tok • Two teams of noblesplayed the game. • Players tried to hit a rubber ball through a stone hoop using their elbows, wrists, and hips. • All levels of Mayan society watched and bet on the game. • Members of the losing team may have been sacrificed.
The Mayan Calendar • The Maya’s used their knowledge of mathematics and astronomy to develop a complex calendar system. • The Mayans used two calendars: • 365-day solar calendar • 260-day sacred calendar • See video clip on YouTube
The Mayan Calendar • The Mayans had two calendars: a 260-day sacred calendar and 365-day solar calendar. • Ready to learn how to use the sacred calendar?
The Sacred Calendar • The sacred calendar has 260 days. Each day in the sacred calendar consists of a number, represented by dots and bars, and a day name, represented by a glyph (symbol). • The smaller round contains the numbers. A dot represents 1. A bar represents 5. How many numbers are on the smaller round? • The larger round contains the day names. How many glyphs are on the larger round? • 13 x 20 = 260 days 13 20
Pretend you are a Mayan priest. You must solve these problems. • When to get married? • Today is 5 Chuen. The parents of Ix Nic (nic means “little flower”) and Ah Bacal (bacal means “corncob”) would like your advice on when their daughter and son should marry. • Consult the sacred calendar to determine which day in the next 9 days would be the best for their wedding ceremony. • When to go to war? • Today is 1 Ix. The ruler of your city wants to attack a rival Mayan city in 12 days. • Consult the sacred calendar to determine whether you would recommend that the ruler go ahead with the attack as planned.
Answer Key • Problem 1: 7 Ben might be the best day for the wedding because the symbol for Ben, a maize seedling, combines parts of the names of the bride and groom. Others might wait until 1 Ahau. • Problem 2: 13 Cimi might not be a good day to attack because Cimi means death and the symbol is a human skull. Others, however, might interpret this as a good sign.
Homework: A Day in the Life of a Mayan _______________ • Write a 2 page short story • Genre: Historical Fiction • Topic: A Day in the Life of a Mayan _______ • Follow the plot diagram and include a conflict, rising action, climax, falling action, and resolution. • Use at least five pieces of dialogue! • Use as many vocabulary words as possible. • Use the brainstorming chart on the back to help you! • I will post the PowerPoints online if you need more inspiration. • Merits will be given to the best work! The best stories will be read aloud on Friday!
Objective • SWBAT locate the Mayan civilization on a map.
Where is the Mayan civilization? • Step 1: Use the map on page 418 to label all countries. • Step 2: Use the map on page 261 to shade in the Mayan civilization. Use a marker to color code! In which five countries can you find Mayan ruins?
Objective • SWBAT explain how the geography of the Mayan civilization affected its economy.
Use the map on page 261 in your textbook to complete this section on page 7 of your notes
Resources in the Peten Jungle Resource Use Rubber ball for pok-a-tok • Rubber tree
Resources in the Peten Jungle Resource Use Chocolate • Cocoa trees
Resources in the Peten Jungle Resource Use Headdresses for kings • Quetzal feathers
Resources in the Peten Jungle Resource Use Medicines • Plants such as the give and take palm
Problem • Population grows… • Not enough land to grow enough food to feed all of the people!
Solution Problem • Slash and burn agriculture: Clear land by cutting and burning plants and trees, then plant more crops!
Problem • Without the trees, the soil does not hold nutrients… • The soil quality becomes too poor to support crops!