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Skin Tumors Benign and Malignant

Skin Tumors Benign and Malignant

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Skin Tumors Benign and Malignant

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  1. Skin TumorsBenign and Malignant By Peter D. Hino, M.D.

  2. Benign Tumors Derived from Superficial Epidermis

  3. Seborrheic Keratosis • More common in the elderly • Often pigmented • Variable size • “Barnacle-like” appearance • Usually asymptomatic

  4. Stucco Seborrheic Keratosis • Primarily on the extremities, especially distally • Often small 2-3mm white plaques that are easily lifted off

  5. Keratoacanthoma • Rapidly evolving tumor, often in the matter of weeks, possibly of viral origin • Composed of keratinizing squamous cells • More common in fair skinned, elderly people • May resolve spontaneously over a period of 2 to 12 months

  6. Epidermal Nevus

  7. Nevus Comedonicus

  8. Acrochordon (Skin tags) • Occur in approximately 25% of males and females • Occur in the axilla, neck and inguinal region • Increase with age beginning the 20s up into the 50s • Few to multiple

  9. Benign Tumors Derived from the Epidermal Appendages

  10. Epidermoid Cyst

  11. Epidermoid Cyst • Common, affecting young and middle age adults • Usually seen on the head, neck and trunk • Often can identifiy a punctum • Cyst contains keratin

  12. Pilar Cysts

  13. Sebaceous Hyperplasia • Found on the face • Singular to multiple in number • Usually 2-3mm up to 6mm with umbilication • Often begin to appear in the 30s and increase with age

  14. Nevus Sebaceous of Jadassohn

  15. Hidrocystoma

  16. Syringomas • Sweat duct tumors • More common in females • May first appear in adolescence, but more often in the third decade • Found around eyelids and are skin colored to yellow in appearance

  17. Eccrine Poroma • Tumor arising from the eccrine duct epithelium • Often on the soles and palms • Tend to be moist, red and exophytic

  18. Clear Cell Acanthoma • A scaly plaque or nodule that has an accumulation of glycogen containing cells • Most common on the lower limbs • Usually solitary and may persists for years

  19. Benign Melanocytic Tumors

  20. Nevus A benign cluster of melanocytic cells arising as a result of proliferation of melanocytes at the dermo-epidermal junction. These may all remain in contact with the basal layer (the junctional nevus) or may become dettached from the basal layer and lie free in the dermis (the compound and intradermal nevus).

  21. Halo Nevus

  22. Spitz Nevus • A compound nevus seen most commonly in children and with lesser frequency in adults • They appear suddenly and the color is caused by increased vascularity • Its pathological features can be difficult to distinguish from malignant melanoma

  23. Blue Nevus • An area of blue-black dermal pigmentation produced by an aberrant collection of pigment producing melanocytes • The brown pigment absorbs the longer wavelength of light and scatters blue light (Tyndall effect) • Extend into the deep dermis, often occur on extremities and the dorsum of the hand

  24. Benign Tumors Derived from Mesodermal Tissue

  25. Dermatofibroma • Can occur on any part of the body, most common on the lower extremities, to a lesser degree on the upper extremities and trunk • May be single or multiple • Usually pink or brown • Commonly 6mm or less • Hard consistency

  26. Fibrous Papule • Small facial papule with a fibrovascular content • Usually seen on or next to the nose • Usually singular but on occasion can be multiple

  27. Keloid • An exaggerated reparative fibroblastic response to injury of the skin • Genetic tendency • Most commonly found on the ears, neck and trunk

  28. Cherry Angioma

  29. Pyogenic Granuloma • A vasular nodule that develops rapidly, with a glistening moist surface • Often may appear at a site of recent trauma • Composed of proliferating capillaries in a loose stroma • Bleeds easily

  30. Lipoma

  31. Premalignant Tumors

  32. Actinic Keratosis • Hyperkeratotic lesions occurring in sun exposed adult skin • May exist in a premalignant state for years • Often begin as an area of increased vascularity with the surface becoming rough • May progress to squamous cell carcinoma

  33. Actinic Cheilitis

  34. Squamous Cell Carcinoma in situ(Bowen’s Disease) • A persistent, progressive, nonelevated, red, scaly or crusted plaque • An intraepidermal proliferation on exposed and nonexposed areas of the body • Often mistaken for eczema or psoriasis

  35. Epidermal Malignancies

  36. Superficial Basal Cell Carcinoma