Career Technical Staff THE IMPORTANT ROLE YOU PLAY IN SERVING STUDENTS WITH DISABILITIES JULY 1, 2008
Brief Review of the Laws 2 Congressional and administrative mandates require Job Corps to: • Enroll and serve applicants who meet the eligibility requirements imposed by Congress (as interpreted by USDOL in the Job Corps regulations), regardless of a particular applicant's disabilities • Provide reasonable accommodations for applicants and students with disabilities • For more information on the laws and regulations (Workforce Investment Act, Americans with Disability Act, Section 504, etc) go to: http://jcdisability.jobcorps.gov/html/legislation.htm
3 • As career technical instructors you are required to provide reasonable accommodations to students with disabilities who request accommodations • Accommodations must be related to the student’s disability What does this mean?
What are Reasonable Accommodations? 4 • Accommodations provide different ways for students to take in information or communicate their knowledge back to you. • The changes do not alter or lower the standards or expectations but level the playing field.
Important to… 5 • Be open-minded • Be creative – “think outside the box” • Explore and use all resources available (JAN, VR, student, center staff, local community, etc) • Implement a variety of teaching techniques
Remember 6 • When the barrier is removed or the playing field is leveled many individuals with a disability can perform the tasks required in career technical classes. • Most accommodations are free or low cost and can be easily put into place.
Average Cost of Job Accommodations 7 • 20% had no cost • 51% cost between $1 and $500 • 11% cost between $501 and $1,000 • 3% cost between $1,001 and $1,500 • 3% cost between $1,501 and $2,000 • 8% cost between $2,001 and $5,000 • 4% cost more than $5,000 Source: Job Accommodation Network Survey
Technology 8 • Technology has come along way and many items can be used to remove or reduce a barrier. Often these items are referred to as Assistive Technology.
Examples of Assistive Technology 9 • Large key/talking calculators • Timers • Vibrating Watches • Reading Pens • Organizers • Talking Ruler • Talking Color Identifier • One-handed Keyboard • Power Tools with Different Hand Shapes • LIVEScribe • Software • Read/write programs
Resources for Assistive Technology and Adaptive Tools 11 MAXIAIDS.COM CAPTEK.NET ANNMORRIS.COM HARDWARE STORES (I.E. LOWES, HOME DEPOT)
Job Accommodation Network (JAN) 12 • Provides information on accommodations: the tools and techniques that help people with disabilities get and keep jobs • The information is provided on an individual basis for a specific person in a specific job or classroom setting • JAN also provides information on legislation and legal issues related to disabilities • Available to Job Corps center staff to use 800-526-7234 800-ADA-WORK http://janweb.icdi.wvu.edu • Brochure on the agreement between JAN and Job Corps http://jcdisability.jobcorps.gov/documents/janbrochure.doc
on Demand 13 Before Calling JAN: • know the applicant's/student’s limitations and abilities; • know the requirements of the program(s); • know educational and psychological evaluation information, including the IEP (if applicable); • know other career technical programs that are available for the applicant if the one he/she is interested in does not work; and • read all available information on the applicant. Now, you are ready to call JAN.
14 • Project of JAN • Online resource designed to let users explore various accommodation options for persons with disabilities in the work setting • Includes accommodation options for specific situations. If you do not see an option for your situation, contact JAN http://janweb.icdi.wvu.edu/soar/
Example from SOAR 15 Accommodating Foodservice Workers with Motor Impairment(s) • Individuals working in the food service industry often report experiencing discomfort in their necks, shoulders, lower backs, and wrists. Also, individuals with mobility impairments often need work area adjustments that allow them to access their workspaces. JAN has received many requests for ideas on accommodating individuals in the food service industry, and consultants have summarized the following accommodation suggestions: • One job function in the foodservice industry that is often difficult for an individual who has grasping problems is the squeezing of a bag to dispense icing or dough. The pinch grip is usually the primary problem. One option is for the individual to use a toothpaste dispenser to complete these tasks. Another possible option is to contact a rehabilitation engineer and/or attempt to use some type of a grease gun modification.
Job Accommodation Network For information on Accommodations for nurses with disabilities see our website at: http://www.jan.wvu.edu/media/nurses.html For information on Accommodating Foodservice Workers with Motor Impairments see our website at: http://www.jan.wvu.edu/soar/Industry/foodservice.html For information on Accommodating Pharmacy Technicians with Motor Impairment(s) see our website at: http://www.jan.wvu.edu/soar/Industry/pharmacytech.html Life in a Cube: Problems Experienced by Employees with Cognitive Impairments, http://www.jan.wvu.edu/corner/vol03iss06.htm For information on Accommodations for Housekeeping/Janitorial Workers with Industrial Injuries, http://www.jan.wvu.edu/corner/vol01iss02.htm
Other Things to Consider 17 Teaching Learning and Memory Strategies Using student’s Learning Styles
Teaching Learning Strategies 18 • Why do students with learning disabilities need to become strategic learners? • Many times these strategies need to be taught and do not come naturally to students with learning disabilities.
Memory Exercise 19 5 8 0 2 9 7 6 1 8 3
Who Could Remember All 10 Numbers? 20 • What strategy or strategies could we have used to better help us remember that series of numbers? (580) 297-6183
Many times memory strategies can help students 21 retain necessary information
Examples of Memory Strategies 22 • Repetition • Grouping • Mental Picture • Rhyming • Acronym • Abbreviation • Acronymic Sentence • Graphic Organizer
Instructional Strategies by Learning Styles 23 Auditory Visual Kinesthetic
Auditory Learner 24 • Give assignments and directions orally • Have students repeat instructions • Allow students to sit away from visual distractions • Speak clearly, distinctly, and use varied pitch • Let students answer questions orally • Play rhyming and blending word games • Encourage “mental” arithmetic with verbalization • Use auditory teaching methods such as speeches, lectures, debates, discussions, brainstorming and interviews
Visual Learner 25 • Provide the opportunity for written answers • Use charts, flash cards, color-coding, and notes • Give demonstrations and visual directions in pictures, graphics, or written form • Play matching games with concrete objects, illustrations, and written symbols • Print rules for students to use as a reference and have them memorize those that are important • Encourage the use of the dictionary for word pronunciation clues and language development • Teach math skills with number strips, dominoes, color-coded manipulatives, protractors, number lines, etc.
Kinesthetic/Hands On Learner 26 • Use hand signals and gestures • Use activities that involve expressing emotions, feelings, gestures, and movement • Encourage hands-on activities such as games, experiments, physical activities, manipulatives, etc. • Encourage writing, drawing, sculpture, pantomime, and creativity • Use a variety of stimuli (color, lighting, sounds) • Use manipulatives for all subject areas Florida’s Bridges to Practice, “Instructional Techniques for Students with Learning Disabilities.”;Retrieved June 2002: http://www.floridatechnet.org/bridges
27 You are doing a lesson on how to mix and pour cement. This is being taught for the first time to a class of about 10 students. How can you incorporate different learning styles in this lesson? Create a multi-modal lesson
Give verbal directions along with visual demonstration Allow students to practice the steps (hands on) Have step by step procedures written down (flow chart) include pictures of each step Video tape lesson so students can go back and review Multi-modal Lesson
Scenario 1 29 • Riana is in CNA (Certified Nursing Assistant) and has a memory disability. • She has difficulty remembering all the necessary steps to the different procedures. • Without visuals she has a hard time remembering. • What accommodations could be given to Riana to help improve her memory?
Solutions 30 • Video or tape record the necessary steps • Have a chart listing the different steps • Color code different steps • Provide written instructions • Allow extra time for repetition • Provide notebook for student to write down necessary information
Scenario 2 31 • Tyler is in the accounting trade and has ADHD. • Easily distracted, highly unorganized and has difficulty staying on task. • Really good with numbers but has a hard time completing tasks. • What accommodations could be used to help Tyler be more successful in career tech?
Solutions 32 • Set up file system with labels • Strategically place him in a low-traffic less distractible area • Noise cancelling headphones • Electronic organizer • Add cubicle walls • Break tasks into smaller segments • Allow for short breaks
Scenario 3 33 • Anthony is in the electrical trade. • Color-blind • Only has use of one hand • What accommodations can be given to Anthony to help him be successful in his trade?
Solutions 34 • Talking Color Identifier • Tool Balancers • Tool Holders • One-handed Keyboard
Regional Disability Consultants 36 • Boston and Dallas-Molly Rosinski (email@example.com) • Philadelphia and Atlanta-Pat Jackson (firstname.lastname@example.org) • Chicago-Kim Jones (email@example.com) • San Francisco-Sylvia Domagalski (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Web Addresses 40 • Disability Website http://jcdisability.jobcorps.gov/index.htm • Learning Disability Website http://jccdrc.jobcorps.gov/ld • Mental Health Disability Website http://jchealth.jobcorps.gov/job-corps-health-wellness