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Windshield Check

Windshield Check

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Windshield Check

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  1. Windshield Check • Review your notes from the Great Depression & Roaring Twenties • Clear: I get it! I thoroughly understand the concept. • Buggy: I understand it for the most part, but a few things are still unclear. • Muddy: I don’t get it at all. Topics: Great Depression definition & key aspects (bullet #2 & #3 on study guide) Great Depression’s impact on Utah (bullet #4 on study guide) Recovery Plans (bullet #5 on study guide) Roaring Twenties/Flappers & Jazz (bullets #6 & #7 on study guide)

  2. Utah in the 1st Half of the 20th Century: 1900-1945 World War I & Mining

  3. Objective: • Students will describe the impact of World War I on Utah and Utah’s mining history.

  4. Timeline • Where does World War I & Mining fit into our unit? Mining World War I Roaring Twenties Stock Market Crash Great Depression World War II ______________________________________________________________________________ 1900s 1914-1918 1920-1929 October 29th 1929 1929-1940s 1939-1945

  5. Utah in World War II • Read page 212-213 in your Utah History Textbook & complete the below questions. • How was Camp Williams in Utah (nearby Lehi) used during World War I? 2. How did Utahns at the home front support their troops fighting in Europe?

  6. World War I “In Flander’s Field” By: Lieutenant Colonel John McCrae, MD (1872-1918) In Flanders Fields the poppies blow 
Between the crosses row on row, 
That mark our place; and in the sky 
The larks, still bravely singing, fly 
Scarce heard amid the guns below. We are the Dead. Short days ago 
We lived, felt dawn, saw sunset glow, 
Loved and were loved, and now we lie 
In Flanders fields. Take up our quarrel with the foe: 
To you from failing hands we throw 
The torch; be yours to hold it high. 
If ye break faith with us who die 
We shall not sleep, though poppies grow 
In Flanders fields.

  7. World War I Basics: • 1914-1918 • “The Great War” or the War to End All Wars • Allies: Russia, France, Great Britain, United States • Central Powers: Germany, Austria-Hungary, Turkey, Bulgaria • Trigger to war: Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary • 4 main causes: MAIN • Militarism (countries built up their militaries) • Alliances (many ties to other countries) • Imperialism (countries tried to build up their empires) • Nationalism (patriotism & pride of country) •

  8. New Technologies Introduced in World War I • New Technologies: • Trench War Fare • Poison Gas • Tanks • Airplanes & blimps • Submarines • Machine Guns

  9. Life in the Trenches

  10. Mining in Utah • Read p207 in your Utah history textbook & answer the 3 questions: • Circle all of the products that have been mined in Utah: • Copper b. Coal c. Silver d. Gold e. All • How were people in Utah affected by mining? • Who were the Silver Kings? Describe.

  11. World War I in Utah • Utah residents planted victory gardens • They supported campaigns for “wheatless Mondays” and “meatless Tuesdays” so extra food could go to the war effort. • Camp Williams in Lehi was designated as a training area for troops during the war

  12. Scofiled Mining Disaster • Utah history textbook: “Utah’s worst mine disaster killed 246 people, including 61 Finnish immigrants and 20 boys. Some of the miners were killed by an explosion of coal dust inside the mine. In an adjoining mine, men heard an explosion and tried to rush out but instead met deadly carbon monoxide gas. It was a time of great mourning in the mining towns. In those days, the mining companies didn’t take responsibility for accidents or deaths but the company did pay for a set of new burial clothes, a coffin, $500 to each miners’ family. The disaster prompted a labor strike a following winter. Through the following years workers fought for more safety and workers compensation (money) when a miner was injured or killed.” p208

  13. What was the Scofield Mine Disaster? • Utah’s worst mine disaster, killing 246 people, in 1900 • A deadly mining disaster that led to a major labor strike and efforts to increase mining safety

  14. In Class Paper • Write a one page paper with two paragraphs: • Paragraph 1: Explain some of the details of World War I. How was Utah impacted by this “War to end all wars? • Paragraph 2: What are some of the dangers of mining? What happened in the Scofield Mining Disaster? Explain.