11-02 Which of the following is an example of a site consideration when locating an industry? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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11-02 Which of the following is an example of a site consideration when locating an industry? PowerPoint Presentation
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11-02 Which of the following is an example of a site consideration when locating an industry?
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11-02 Which of the following is an example of a site consideration when locating an industry?

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  1. The Cultural Landscape: An Introduction to Human Geography10th EditionClassroom Response SystemQuestions Chapter 11

  2. 11-01 Complete the following analogy concerning industrial areas. The Mohawk Valley is to the United States as: • the Central Industrial district is to the United States. • Kuznetsk is to East Asia. • Middle Atlantic is to United Kingdom. • Silesia is to Eastern Europe. • Volga is to Western Europe.

  3. 11-01 Complete the following analogy concerning industrial areas. The Mohawk Valley is to the United States as: • the Central Industrial district is to the United States. • Kuznetsk is to East Asia. • Middle Atlantic is to United Kingdom. • Silesia is to Eastern Europe. • Volga is to Western Europe. Explanation: Although industry is located worldwide, the four major industrial regions account for the majority of the globe’s manufacturing.

  4. 11-02 Which of the following is an example of a site consideration when locating an industry? • The industry in question is bulk-reducing. • The manufacturing process is bulk-gaining. • The product is perishable. • The manufacturing process is labor intensive. • The product will be shipped a long distance.

  5. 11-02 Which of the following is an example of a site consideration when locating an industry? • The industry in question is bulk-reducing. • The manufacturing process is bulk-gaining. • The product is perishable. • The manufacturing process is labor intensive. • The product will be shipped a long distance. Explanation: The cost of the three main site factors—land, labor, and capital—vary among places. Globally, labor is the most important site factor.

  6. 11-03 Industrialization in the United States began in: • the Midwest. • New England. • New York. • Pennsylvania. • the South.

  7. 11-03 Industrialization in the United States began in: • the Midwest. • New England. • New York. • Pennsylvania. • the South. Explanation: Early New England factories produced textiles for sale in Europe.

  8. 11-04 Beer brewing is: • a bulk-gaining industry. • a bulk-reducing industry. • a break-of-bulk industry. • concentrated near mountain-fresh waters. • unaffected by situation factors.

  9. 11-04 Beer brewing is: • a bulk-gaining industry. • a bulk-reducing industry. • a break-of-bulk industry. • concentrated near mountain-fresh waters. • unaffected by situation factors. Explanation: Because their product becomes more bulky through manufacturing, breweries seek out locations near markets.

  10. 11-04

  11. 11-05 Which of the following statements about the manufacturing of cars in the United States is true? • There are relatively few factories in the South. • Each plant focuses on only one or a few models. • Plants are located near each major metropolitan area. • Factories are more dispersed now than they were in the 1950s. • Factories locate near railroads and industrial canals to ship their products.

  12. 11-05 Which of the following statements about the manufacturing of cars in the United States is true? • There are relatively few factories in the South. • Each plant focuses on only one or a few models. • Plants are located near each major metropolitan area. • Factories are more dispersed now than they were in the 1950s. • Factories locate near railroads and industrial canals to ship their products. Explanation: Auto manufacturers have clustered near the population center of the country.

  13. 11-05

  14. 11-06 The least expensive mode of transport for shipping goods over long distances is by: • airplane. • automobile. • rail. • ship. • truck.

  15. 11-06 The least expensive mode of transport for shipping goods over long distances is by: • airplane. • automobile. • rail. • ship. • truck. Explanation: Ship transport is the most cost effective mode over long distances.

  16. 11-07 Which type of manufacturing requires the lowest level of skill? • airplanes • automobiles • computers • consumer electronics • textiles

  17. 11-07 Which type of manufacturing requires the lowest level of skill? • airplanes • automobiles • computers • consumer electronics • textiles Explanation: The textile industry is labor intensive. As a result, a great emphasis is placed on finding low-cost labor.

  18. 11-08 It is especially important for aluminum processors to locate near: • beverage manufacturers. • cheap electricity. • inexpensive labor. • major metropolitan areas. • navigable rivers.

  19. 11-08 It is especially important for aluminum processors to locate near: • beverage manufacturers. • cheap electricity. • inexpensive labor. • major metropolitan areas. • navigable rivers. Explanation: Reducing aluminum from bauxite ore requires large amounts of electricity.

  20. 11-09 Within the United States, manufacturing has been most likely to shift in which of the following directions? • North toward Boston • Toward Chicago • East toward New York City • South toward Houston • Manufacturing has tended to stay in the Midwest and Northeast.

  21. 11-09 Within the United States, manufacturing has been most likely to shift in which of the following directions? • North toward Boston • Toward Chicago • East toward New York City • South toward Houston • Manufacturing has tended to stay in the Midwest and Northeast. Explanation: Anti-union laws and federally funded infrastructure have enticed industry to move south.

  22. 11-09

  23. 11-10 Outsourcing: • is one aspect of vertical integration. • is at the core of Fordist mass production. • leads to an increase in manufacturing jobs in less developed countries. • is part of a just-in-time production strategy. • relies upon securing highly skilled labor.

  24. 11-10 Outsourcing: • is one aspect of vertical integration. • is at the core of Fordist mass production. • leads to an increase in manufacturing jobs in lessdeveloped countries. • is part of a just-in-time production strategy. • relies upon securing highly skilled labor. Explanation: Outsourcing is a key part of the new international division of labor.