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RAP (left side)

RAP (left side)

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RAP (left side)

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  1. Lesson 7 What Experiences Led to the American Revolution? Date RAP (left side) • Copy the following sentences about the purpose of this lesson and fill in the blanks using page 57 in the textbook. • In this lesson I will learn: • How British ideas about ___________ were put to use in the colonies. • Why the __________ came to feel that the British government threatened their__________. • How ____________ government developed in the colonies. • Why the colonists decided to fight for their _____________.

  2. Lesson 7 What Experiences Led to the American Revolution? Date WOW Ideas American colonists used to establish a British colony. • legal document needed to establish a British colony • granted land to a person or a company • did not define government • Based on two concepts that protect them from: • Abuse of power by the British government • Abuse of power by their colonial government Charter Colonial Government

  3. Lesson 7 What Experiences Led to the American Revolution? Date WOW • Natural Rights (life, liberty and property) • Representative Government (elected representatives to legislature) • Rule of Law (everyone obeyed the law equally) • Checks and Balances(each branch checks power of the other) • Separation of Powers : • Executive branch- a governor would carry out and enforce the law • Legislative branch- made the laws • Judicial branch- judges were responsible for handling conflicts about the law in court 5 basic Ideas of Government

  4. Lesson 7 What Experiences Led to the American Revolution? Date WOW Britain's control over colonies. • Britain was becoming a world power and was busy fighting wars • Not much time devoted to colonies • Long distances • Communication was slow because news traveled by ship • Orders took months to reach colonies • War against France was costly • Britain left with large national debt • Colonies should pay their share with increased taxes • Tightened trade restrictions between colonies and other countries Britain’s neglect of colonies Britain’s renewed interest

  5. Lesson 7 What Experiences Led to the American Revolution? Date WOW - Proclamation of 1763 - banned settlement west into Indian territory - British able to withdraw army and reduce costs - Sugar Act of 1764 - stop smuggling of goods in and out of colonies - taxes on all incoming sugar, coffee, wine, and cloth - Gave British Navy “writs of assistance” (search warrants) to search colonial ships - all colonial trade ships had to go directly to Britain New British law’s that affected the colonies

  6. Lesson 7 What Experiences Led to the American Revolution? Date WOW - Stamp Act, 1765 - taxes on every legal document, newspaper, pamphlets, deck of cards coming into the colonies - Quartering Act, 1765 - British Army moved into colonial cities requiring innkeepers and public officials to house and feed British soldiers - Declaratory Act, 1766 - gave Parliament the right to pass laws for the colonies in “all cases whatsoever” to remind colonist they were subject to the king.

  7. Lesson 7 What Experiences Led to the American Revolution? Date WOW - Tea Act, 1773 - forced colonies to buy tea from The East India Company to keep the British company from going broke

  8. Lesson 7 What Experiences Led to the American Revolution? Date WOW Colonists’ view of laws - Colonist felt British Parliament was threatening their rights. - New tax and trade laws meant that colonists would lose money. - Parliament’s laws went against colonists’ belief in representative government. - Colonists believed if they had no right to elect representatives to Parliament, Parliament had no right to tax the colonists.

  9. Lesson 7 What Experiences Led to the American Revolution? Date WOW Rally Cry for Colonists - “No Taxation without Representation” - believed tax laws should be passed only by the colonial legislature - King George felt colonists were acting like ungrateful children - King thought it was taxes were fair due to well-being and safety of colonies was due to British protection - Parliament didn’t understand representation because they represented the whole nation no matter where and not individuals - growing conflict in beliefs

  10. Lesson 7 What Experiences Led to the American Revolution? Date WIO See page 63 of textbook to complete the WIO. Follow directions on the handout.

  11. Lesson 7 What Experiences Led to the American Revolution? Date WOW Colonies Resist British Control Between 1763 – 1775 Committees of Correspondence - tension growing - colonist organized town meetings and wrote angry letters to the newspapers - Small groups of volunteers that made sure each colony knew about events and opinions of other colonies - raised spirits of people - united and linked all colonies together

  12. Lesson 7 What Experiences Led to the American Revolution? Date WOW 1765 Sons of Liberty Daughters of Liberty - organized resistance to the Stamp Act - mobs attacked tax collectors’ homes - burned effigies (straw people) of royals - marched in streets and some committed violent acts - formed by women - helped boycott British trade - instead of buying British goods they made their own - gave up drinking tea

  13. Lesson 7 What Experiences Led to the American Revolution? Date WOW 1770 Boston Massacre 1773 Boston Tea Party - British troops opened fire on protestors and killed 5 colonists. - Colonists believed British government would use military force to make them obey laws - colonist tried to stop cargo of tea in the Boston Harbor - dumped 342 chests of tea - British closed the harbor Fall 1774 – colonists decide to take united action and committee of correspondence calls for representatives from each colony to meet and deliberate on general interests of all colonists.

  14. Lesson 7 What Experiences Led to the American Revolution? Date WOW First Continental Congress April 19, 1775 - Representatives from 12 of 13 colonies met in Philadelphia to decide on best response to actions of British government. - start of unified American government - agreed to impose ban on trade - hope of change in British policies - beginning of Revolutionary War - fighting broke out - British troops marched on to Lexington and Concord, Massachusetts to capture guns and supplies by surprise - system of signals warned colonists and they fired on British forcing them back to Boston

  15. Lesson 7 What Experiences Led to the American Revolution? Date WOW - Representatives again met in Philadelphia a few weeks later - Congress organized new Continental Army and called colonist to send troops - George Washington selected to lead troops - a year later, Congress drafts document to explain why they should be free from British rule - this document later becomes the “Declaration of Independence” Second Continental Congress Declaration of Independence

  16. Lesson 7 What Experiences Led to the American Revolution? Date WIO (the right page) Create a timeline of the important events in this lesson. Explain the significance of the event and include drawings that help depict each event.