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Drinking water

Drinking water

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Drinking water

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  1. Drinking water GROUP 5 Issues, Challenges, Initiatives and the Way Forward VENUE - HALL NUMBER -5 VIGYAN BHAWAN, NEW DELHI

  2. Challenges • Life force, therefore regular, timely, safe and hygienic and adequate supply-an essential duty of the state • Internalisation as a freebie • Habituated to receive, demand without any sense of responsibility • No individual or bulk metered measurement anywhere • Depleted vegetation or green cover in hilly regions

  3. Challenges contd… • Maintenance of quality of water as per WHO standards • Need for conservation is not a felt need • Lack of political will to levy charges for drinking water • Lack of incentive, strategy to motivate panchayats or community -no reward plan like NGP

  4. Challenges contd… • Insensitivity towards wasteful flow of rain water or piped supply • Lack of convergence with other schemes • Lack of social audit • No IEC component in NRDW programmes

  5. Major issues: Quality, Quantity and Management

  6. Operation and maintenance of the sources • Ever increasing demand as a matter of right • Apparent and unseen contamination • Problem of scarcity in hill top areas • Problem of plenty in foothills • Wastage rampant causing glut, sludge, overflow of ponds • Scarcity related law and order problems • Ownership conspicuous by absence • Non functional village level water and sanitation committees • Limited function of District Water and Sanitation Committees • G.P. has failed to deliver the desired result so far collection of water charges is concerned

  7. Initiatives • Involvement of SHG federation in a management of sources of supply in Maharashtra • Sensitisation of Panchayats where tubewells are being installed now • Convergence model emerging in Manipur_forestry, MGNREGS, Fisheriers and Tourism

  8. Initiatives contd.. • Success stories of Kassergood , Kerala, Barmer, Rajasthan, spring based water supply system in Odisha, conservation of water by GPs in Tamil Nadu • Eco Task Force by ex service men in hilly areas doing good work in afforestation and water conservation

  9. The Way Forward- Recommendations • Community to be entrusted with the responsibility • Meters to be installed in individual household • Water charges to be collected • GPs should be empowered with knowledge and man power • Regular social audits, listing and highlighting the names of defaulters in social audit meeting to have a social pressure

  10. Recommendations contd.. • Incentive to be provided to GPs with practices of drinking water conservation and maintainance • Creation of ground water recharge pits • At the hill tops construction of reservoir arresting the flowing perennial water sources if any and construction of tanks for collecting of rain water, processing

  11. Recommendations contd.. • Creation of multipurpose water harvesting structure. •  Planning for water supply system should be done in a manner such a way that the most vulnerable and affected areas from health point of view, should be taken care up on priority basis. • District vigilance and Monitoring Committee should regularly monitor the water supply aspect • Tarrif mode can be on number of individuals per house hold

  12. Recommendations contd.. • Empowerment of Village level water and sanitation committees • More effective role of PDs, DRDA /Zila Parishad in District Water and Sanitation Mission • Dissemination of tried, tested, age old methods of conservation eg Bawries on Haveli/forts’ roof tops

  13. Recommendations contd… • Defunct tubewells should be re-designed as Recharge pits under Rain Water Harvesting structure under MGNREGS • Gap between GP and Engineering departments should be bridged • Minor maintenance t be handled by GPs but state should continue funding-in this case to GPs

  14. Recommendations contd.. • Field Test Kits for all GPs and notification of water sample test reports at village level through colour coding of Red, yellow, Green • Mass mobilisation through slogans like ‘swachh jal, swachh jeevan’, jal hee jeevan • Active role of Gram sabhas/ Social Audit in sensitising, ensuring proper management of safe drinking water