Digital tests are NOT electronic. Prostate Cancer
Trouble urinating Decreased force in the stream of urine Blood in your urine Blood in your semen Swelling in your legs Discomfort in the pelvic area Bone pain Symptoms
The cause of prostate cancer is not known as of now. But researchers are urgently working on new ways to detect prostate cancer, as well as ways to treat it. Causes
An organ only in males located at the base or outlet of the urinary bladder. a male sex gland. a thick fluid that forms part of the semen, which nourishes and helps with transporting sperm. What is the Prostate gland anyway?
Genes involved • Seven potential prostate cancer genes are involved • which means that genetic risk factors may differ among families. • Three are located on chromosome 1 and the other four are located on chromosome 17 , chromosome 20 , chromosome 8 and the X chromosome.
Spreading • Prostate cancer can spread beyond the prostate in three ways: • By growing into neighboring tissues (invasion) • By spreading through the lymph system of lymph nodes and lymph vessels • By traveling to distant tissues through the blood (metastasis)
Tests to Identify PC • Digital rectal exam • Prostate-specific antigen (blood test) • Transrectal ultrasound • MRI of the prostate using a rectal probe • CT scan of the abdomen and pelvis, looking for prostate cancer metastasis to other organs • MRI of the skeleton, or a nuclear medicine bone scan, to look for metastasis to bones • Surgery to examine the lymph nodes in the pelvis for any prostate cancer spread
The TNM System • T -- for tumor • describes the size of the main area of prostate cancer. • N -- for nodes • describes whether prostate cancer has spread to any lymph nodes and to what extent. • M -- for metastasis • means distant spread of prostate cancer, for example, to the bones or liver.
Sources • http://www.cancerpage.com/cancers/default.asp?channel=Prostate_Cancer • http://www.cancer.org/docroot/home/index.asp • http://www.webmd.com/prostate-cancer/guide/prostate-cancer-stages