Accreditation: Past, Present… Future? Michelle Grimes-Hillman, Mt. San Antonio College Joseph Bielanski, Berkeley City College Richard Mahon, Riverside City College Glenn Yoshida, LA Southwest College
Accreditation Past • 1880s: First regional accrediting commissions begin work • 1918: The American Council on Education (ACE) founded • 1923: 23 private colleges establish the National Association of Accredited Commercial Schools (now the Accrediting Council for Independent Colleges & Schools, ACICS) • Post WWII: Federal government takes increased interest in higher ed due to Federal funding of the GI Bill • 1996: “COPA” replaced by Council for Higher Education (CHEA) as primary advisors to Congress and the Dept. of Education • National Advisory Committee on Institutional Quality & Integrity (NACIQI), an advisory committee flowing out of the 1965 Higher Education Act
Accreditation Present:The R-P Group Scrutinizes Accreditation, 2011 • The RP Group undertakes a major research project focused on three regional accreditors, published in February 2011: Focusing Accreditation on Quality Improvement(138 pp plus a 14 page shorter version)1. Emphasize quality & Improvements2. Strengthen training & support3. Improve accreditation through greater collaboration
Accreditation Present:Recent Collaborations • ASCCC Accreditation Institutes begin 2007 • ACCJC partners with R-P Group for Student Success Conferences beginning fall 2010 • ACCJC partners with CCCCIOs beginning fall 2010 • ACCJC partners with CCLC beginning 2010 • ACCJC to partner with ASCCC, Feb. 2012 (also participated in 2008 Accreditation Institute) • “New Directions in Member Services”:regional trainings, online training, online ALO/CIOdiscussion board
Accreditation Present:Comparing Standards… • WASC Standards: 4 Standards, 12 pages • SACS Standards: Several sections, 11 pages • ACCJC Standards: 4 major sections, 9 total subsections, 26 pages • New/increased attention to institutional financial solvency
Accreditation… Future? • ACCJC, first steps toward review of the 2002 Standards • Summer 2011 Newsletter notes Peter Ewell invited to help the Commission; Fall 2011 Newsletter notes ongoing developments in European “Quality Assurance” • Fall 2011 Newsletter: Brad Phillips (Cal-PASS), “Focus on Quality” & metrics; summary of “New Requirements for Accreditors”, summary of SLO progress in annual reports
Accreditation… Future? • Spring plenary 2011, Judith Eaton suggests “various theoretical options”: “1. Maintain the relationship with your current accreditor. “2. In the case of the western region, consider seeking accreditation by the senior commission. This would require a significant change for the senior commission that is not fully within its control. “3. Choose to be accredited by one of the “national” accreditors that are federally or CHEA-recognized. “4. Establish a new accrediting organization that would be federally or CHEA-recognized. This would likely take 2-3 years.” • • Where would we go?• What resources & timetable would be necessary to arrive?• Given Federal pressures on all regional accreditors, is the grass greener anywhere?
Accreditation… Future? • Federal Government, Issues on the Horizon:• The “two-year rule”• Gainful Employment on hold• DE verification & state authorization• “the credit hour”• Need to clarify processes for student complaints
Accreditation… Future? • What next steps might the ASCCC take to best prepare CCCs for the road ahead? • What more might the ASCCC do to partner with the ACCJC to support California community colleges?