Pg. 294-295 By Zach, Danica, Alyssa, Daniel, and Tanner.
Millennium Development Goals In 2000, the United Nations and leaders of more than 150 countries held an assembly to work towards sustainable prosperity and development. These goals were to: • Eradicate extreme hunger and poverty (< $1 per day) • Achieve universal primary education • Promote gender equality and empower women • Reduce child mortality • Improve maternal health • Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria, and other diseases • Ensure environmental sustainability • Develop a global partnership for develop
The End of Poverty: Economic Possibilities for Our Time This is the title of a book written by Jeffrey D. Sachs to outline a plan for managing some of the challenges faced by people trying to reduce poverty in their country. What are some problems that people who are trying to reduce poverty face?
The End of Poverty Continued Jeffrey Sachs outlined the following ideas: • Decentralization – The people who live in affected communities must be the ones to decide who decide what should be done and how money should be spent • Training – People need to be trained to run poverty-reduction programs. This training could be carried out at the national, district, and village levels. • Information Technologies – The people involved in poverty-reduction programs need to have access to computers, e-mail, and mobile phones so that they can communicate quickly to one another. • Audits – No country should receive funding unless spending can be audited. • Measurable Benchmarks – A benchmark is a standard. People must have specific goals that are designed to suit their national conditions, needs, and available data. • Monitoring and Evaluation – Budgets and plans for monitoring programs should be part of all poverty-reduction programs.
Climate Change and Sustainable Prosperity • To ensure sustainable prosperity for all people on Earth, many governments, businesses, scientists, and environmentalists must join forces to meet political, economic, and environmental factors.
Climate change video • http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=2226061573523196174#
Fossil Fuels People around the world have been burning more and more fossil fuels to create the energy needed to heat and cool homes, power cars, and run factories. What might this excessive use of fossil fuels do to our environment and sustainable prosperity?
Greenhouse Effect Greenhouse gasses formed from the burning of fossil fuels form a barrier in the atmosphere. This barrier absorbs heat from the earth’s surface and radiates it back to earth, instead of allowing it to pass into space. This phenomenon is called the greenhouse effect, and many scientists say that it is contributing to global climate change– Small but steady changes in average temperatures around the world.
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) The IPCC is made up of scientists and government representatives from 100 countries. In April 2007, they released a report on the effects of climate change. What might some of these effects of climate change be?
IPCC Report The report that they released stated that “We can be very confident (i.e. with 90% certainty) that the net effect of human activity since 1750 has been that of warming.” The report concluded that unless people around the world unite to stop the progress of climate change, the poorest people will suffer the most as climate change affects animals, plants, and water supplies. The hardest-hit regions will be the Arctic, sub-Sahara Africa, small islands, and large deltas in Asia.