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Civilization

Civilization

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Civilization

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  1. Civilization • A complex society in which people make advances in the arts, science, religion, and law.

  2. Irrigation • Using ditches and canals to bring water to a dry place.

  3. Cuneiform • Style of writing that used wedge shapes.

  4. ancient Very old

  5. Pharaoh • A king of ancient Egypt.

  6. pyramid • A stone monument that served as a tomb in ancient Egypt.

  7. mummy • A body prepared in a special way for burial.

  8. hieroglyphics • A kind of writing based on pictures and signs.

  9. subcontinent • A large mass of land that is part of a continent.

  10. caste • A social class into which people are born.

  11. Dynasty • A family that rules for several generations in a row.

  12. Compass • A device with a magnetic needle that points north.

  13. Silk Road • The long route that linked China with the rest of Asia and Europe.

  14. City-state • A city or town and its surrounding lands.

  15. Alphabet • A set of symbols that stand for spoken sounds.

  16. Republic • Government in which people vote for leaders to represent them.

  17. Empire • A group of nations joined under one government.

  18. Architecture • The design of buildings

  19. Aqueduct • The system of pipes and waterways that carries water.

  20. Manor • Farmland owned by a lord or lady.

  21. Peasant • A poor farm worker.

  22. Commerce • The buying and selling of foods.

  23. Guild • A group of people who do the same work and are joined together for an economic reason.

  24. Renaissance • In Europe, a period of new interest in art, literature, science, and architecture.

  25. Monarchy • A nation ruled by one person.

  26. Colonization • The act of setting up colonies.

  27. Dictatorship • A government with a single leader.

  28. Communism • A system in which the government, not the people, owns the country’s land, resources, and means of production.