SCULPTURE: Art that is made to occupy space. It is 3D.
3-DTHREE DIMENSIONAL: An object that has height, width, and depth. H x W x D
2-DTWO DIMENSIONAL: An object that has height and width. H x W
TYPES OF SCULPTURE: FREESTANDING: surrounded by space on all sides. RELIEF: a type of sculpture in which forms and figures are projected from the front only.
METHODS OF SCULPTING: • CARVING. • CASTING. • MODELING. • ASSEMBLING.
CARVING: • The sculptor starts with a block of material (often stone) and cuts or chips a shape from it.
CASTING: • The sculptor starts by making a mold. Then, a liquid or melted metal are poured into it and it hardens.
MODELING: • The sculptor builds up and shapes a soft material like clay.
ASSEMBLING: • The sculptor joins materials together by gluing or other methods.
ADDITIVE: • The artist adds together or builds up the material.
SUBTRACTIVE: • The artist takes away or removes material.