Illegal Drugs Group 7 Chapter 26 Adrianna Jenkins, Dena Lackey, Dieula John Meredith Hunter, Cindy Chang
What defines an illegal drug? • Medicinal Purposes • Benefits • Consequences • Potential for Abuse • Potential for Addiction
Regulation of Drugs • 1970: Comprehensive Drug Abuse Prevention and Control Act • Controlled Substances Act regulates the manufacture and distribution of drugs, and organizes them into one of five schedules.
Schedule of Drugs • Schedule I • Has no acceptable medical use and is highly addictive • Examples: Heroin, Marijuana, LSD, Peyote, Hashish, Psilocybin
Schedule of Drugs • Schedule II • Has current medical use and high potential for abuse • Examples: Dilaudid, Demerol, Methadone, Cocaine, PCP, Morphine
Schedule of Drugs • Schedule III • Has current medical use and medium potential for abuse • Examples: Tylenol with codeine, Opium, Vicodan
Schedule of Drugs • Schedule IV • Has current medical use and low potential use for abuse • Examples: Darvocet, Xanax, Valium, Ambien, Ativan, Halycon
Schedule of Drugs • Schedule V • Has current medical use and has the lowest potential for abuse • Examples: Phenergan, Lomotil, and many liquid suspensions
Stimulants • Ecstasy (MDMA): Where does it come from? • Manufactured: made with various chemicals in a laboratory.
How introduced to the body • Swallowed as a tablet • Snorted after crushing tablet • Injected • Inserted per rectum as a suppository
Effects of Ecstasy on the Body • Effects on the brain *Suppresses need to eat, drink, or sleep *Seizures *Loss of consciousness *Stroke
Effects of Ecstasy on the Body • Severe dehydration • Increases body temperature • Rapid heartbeat • High blood pressure • Faintness • Muscle cramping • Panic attacks
Effects of Ecstasy on the Body • Jaw muscle tension and teeth grinding • Kidney and cardiovascular failure • DEATH
Your Brain On Drugs • http://www.cnn.com/ALLPOLITICS/1998/07/09/clinton.drug/mov/drug.ad1.mov
Marijuana • Where marijuana comes from *Grown *Imported
How Introduced to the Body • Ingested in food • Smoked as a “joint” or “blunt” • Out of a pipe or bowl
Effects of Marijuana on the Body • Effects on the Brain *Impairs memory and learning
Effects of Marijuana on the Body • Effects on the body *Frequent respiratory infections *Increased heart rate *Anxiety *Panic attacks *Physical dependence *Tolerance
Effects of Marijuana and the Body • Effects on the body * When smoked marijuana introduces over 2,000 chemicals to the body * Some of the chemicals are carcinogenic
Common Street Names • Ecstasy -E, X, XTC, go, hug drug, Adam, beans
Common Street Names • Marijuana *Pot *Dope *Grass *Weed *Mary Jane
Refusal Skills • Basic Components of Refusal Skills: 1.Make a Bold Statement --You know drugs are bad news! I’m outta here. 2.Say No! Identify the Problem --NO! That’s a pill and you don’t know what it will do to you.
Refusal Skills 3. Say No! and Identify the Consequences --NO! If I take that I might get very sick, maybe die 4.Suggest Alternatives --”Instead, let’s go___________” ….to my house ….to the mall
Refusal Skills 5. Assert Yourself --Well, I think that’s a bad idea, so I’m going home.