Illegal Drugs • Street Drugs • Against the law for people of any age to manufacture, possess, buy or sell. • Potential for harm is extremely high.
Synthetic Drugs • Chemical substances produced in a laboratory.
Illicit Drug • The use or sale of any substances that are illegal or not permitted. “Despite long-standing attempts to dismantle the illicit drug trade, drug abuse and its many related problems are on the increase in many regions of the world. The scale of the problem is enormous: the amount of laundered money from the traffic in cocaine, heroin and cannabis is estimated to be larger than the gross national product of three quarters of the world's economies. The impact of illicit drugs continues to threaten the economies and social structures of both producing and consuming countries.” UNITED NATIONS RESEARCH INSTITUTE FOR SOCIAL DEVELOPMENT
Gateway Drugs • Drugs that lead to more serious drug use.
Psychoactive Drugs • Four Main groups • Stimulants • Depressants • Narcotics • Hallucinogens
STIMULANTS • Speed up the Central Nervous System • Amphetamines • Euphoria • Paranoia
DEPRESSENTS • Slow down CNS • Similar to being intoxicated
NARCOTICS • Derived from the opium plant that have a sedative effect. • Opium plant • Pain Relievers “Narcotics are drugs that alleviate physical pain, suppress coughing, alleviate diarrhea, and induce anesthesia. Natural narcotics are derived from the Opium poppy and synthetic narcotics are made to act like the major constituents of Opium (thebaine, morphine, codeine). Legal, synthetic narcotics such as OxyContin (oxycodone) and Vicodin (hydrocodone) are prescribed as pain-relievers but are often diverted for illegitimate uses. Heroin is an illegal narcotic, derived from morphine.” -StreetDrugs.com
HALLUCINOGENS • Alter moods, thoughts, and sense perceptions. • Vision • Hearing • Smell • Touch
INHALENTS • Substance with breathable fumes that are sniffed and inhaled to give a hallucinogenic effect or high. • Inhalants affect your brain. Inhalants are substances or fumes from products such as glue or paint thinner that are sniffed or "huffed" to cause an immediate high. Because they affect your brain with much greater speed and force than many other substances, they can cause irreversible physical and mental damage before you know what's happened. • Inhalants affect your heart. Inhalants starve the body of oxygen and force the heart to beat irregularly and more rapidly--that can be dangerous for your body. • Inhalants damage other parts of your body. People who use inhalants can experience nausea and nosebleeds; develop liver, lung, and kidney problems; and lose their sense of hearing or smell. Chronic use can lead to muscle wasting and reduced muscle tone and strength. • Inhalants can cause sudden death. Inhalants can kill you instantly. Inhalant users can die by suffocation, choking on their vomit, or having a heart attack. http://ncadi.samhsa.gov/govpubs/PHD631/
DESIGNER/LOOK ALIKE DRUGS • Synthetic drugs meant to imitate the effects of narcotics and hallucinogens.
From 2002 to 2005, rates of marijuana use declined from 30.1 percent to 25.8 percent. Over that same period, the use of the prescription painkiller OxyContin increased from 2.7 percent to 3.5 percent, and the use of Vicodin, another painkiller, increased from 6 percent to 6.3 percent, the Associated Press reported. Teens are also abusing anti-anxiety drugs like Xanax and stimulants like Adderall, Walters said. Overall, 2.1 million American teens abused prescription drugs in 2005. By Alan Mozes HealthDay Reporter
Utah named No. 1 in prescription drug useBrittany Lish | Dixie Sun Staff Writer Vol. XXXVII :: Issue No. 26 :: Wednesday, April 16, 2008 "In 2006 there were 307 deaths due to overdose on prescription drugs, which was the No. 1 cause of injury deaths, which is higher than automobile crashes and illegal drug overdose deaths," said Erin Johnson, program manager for the Prescription Pain Medication Program with Utah Department of Health.